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SALAH (PRAYER)

When just learning how
to make salat, begin
with the positions,
starting with one rakat.
The positions are as
thus:
Rakat 1: Stand -
Bow - Stand.
Prostrate - Sit -
Prostrate - Sit.
Rakat 2: Stand -
Bow - Stand
Prostrate - Sit-
Prostrate - Sit.
Tashahud.
Rakat 3 and 4:
Perform 3 the same as
1. Perform 4 the same
as 2.
Add this to the end
of your last rakat:
Tashahud and then
salaam out.
Number of rakats in
each obligatory (fard)
salah:
Fajr: 2
Dhuhr: 4
Asr: 4
Maghrib: 3
Isha: 4
Position Yourself
Announce your
Niyya (intentions)
silently in your
heart
Make your Qibla
(prayer direction)
face the direction
of the Ka'bah
The Noble Qur'an:
Al-Baqara
2:143-145
Thus We have made
you [true Muslims --
real believers of Islamic
Monotheism, true
followers of Prophet
Muhammad and his
Sunna (legal ways)], a
just (and the best)
nation, that you be
witnesses over mankind
and the Messenger
(Muhammad ) be a
witness over you. And
We made the Qiblah
(prayer direction
towards Jerusalem)
which you used to face,
only to test those who
followed the Messenger
(Muhammad ) from
those who would turn
on their heels (i.e.
disobey the Messenger).
Indeed it was great
(heavy) except for
those whom Allah
guided. And Allah would
never make your faith
(prayers) to be lost (i.e.
your prayers offered
towards Jerusalem).
Truly, Allah is full of
Kindness, the Most
Merciful towards
mankind.
Verily! We have
seen the turning of
your (Muhammad's )
face towards the
heaven. Surely, We
shall turn you to a
Qiblah (prayer direction)
that shall please you,
so turn your face in the
direction of Al-Masjid-
al-Haram (at Makka).
And wheresoever you
people are, turn your
faces (in prayer) in that
direction. Cerainly, the
people who were given
the Scriptures (i.e. Jews
and the Christians)
know well that, that
(your turning towards
the direction of the
Ka'ba at Makka in
prayers) is the truth
from their Lord. And
Allah is not unaware of
what they do.
And even if you
were to bring to the
people of the Scripture
(Jews and Christians) all
the Ayat (proofs,
evidences, verses,
lessons, signs,
revelations, etc.), they
would not follow your
Qiblah (prayer direction),
nor are you going to
follow their Qiblah
(prayer direction).
Position your feet
about shoulder
width with arms to
side
Do not put either arm
on your hip
Abu Hurairah (r.a.)
relates: "The Messenger
of Allah prohibited
putting one's hands on
one's hips during the
salah." [Abu Dawud]
Do not intertwine
fingers
Straighten the Row
and Narrow the Gap
(For Group/
Congregational
Salah)
"...stand before Allâh
with obedience..." [Qur'an
2:238]
An-Nu'maan Bin Basheer
(r) reported that
Allaah's Messenger
used to straighten his
companions' rows for
the prayer like a
straight arrow. One day,
though, he was about
to start the prayer
when he noticed a
man's chest protruding
outside the row, and he
said: "Servants of
Allaah! You either
straight.. your rows, or
Allaah would cause your
faces to
differ." [Recorded by
Muslim, Abu Daawood,
and others]
In another report, he
said: "Straighten
your rows, or Allah
would cause your
hearts to
differ" [Recorded by Abu
Daawood and Ibn
Hibbaan]
Related Link: Straighten
the Rows
Focus your eyes on
where you will be
prostrating later
He (saaws) used to
incline his head during
prayer and fix his sight
towards the ground
[Baihaqi and Haakim,
who declared it saheeh
and also agreed by
Albaani.]
While he was in the
Ka'bah, his sight did not
leave the place of his
prostration until he
came out from it
[Baihaqi and Haakim,
who declared it saheeh
and also agreed by
Albaani.]
For group salah, you
make the Rakat motions
after the Imam and say
nothing outloud, except
"Amin" which you should
not say before the
Imam says it. Women
are allowed to, but do
not have to say "Amin",
for it is not
recommended for her to
bring attention to her
voice if around non-
mahram men.
For individual salah, or
in the case that you
are the Imam leading a
group salah, use the
following guidelines,
insha'Allah. Once these
guidelines and learned,
the muslim should study
hadith to learn various
other du'a that may be
made in place of the
basic ones listed here,
as it is recommended
that he alternates
between the various
du'a.
Rakat 1
1. Stand.
1. Takbir (raise both
hands shoulder
level and say
"Allahu Akbar")
I was sitting with some
of the companions of
Allah's Apostle and
we were discussing
about the way of
praying of the Prophet
. Abu Humaid As-
Saidi said, "I remember
the prayer of Allah's
Apostle better than any
one of you. ... I saw him
raising both his hands
up to the level of the
shoulders on saying the
Takbir..." [Bukhari 1.791,
Narrated Muhammad bin
Amr bin Ata]
"Allah's Messenger
used to raise both his
hands up to the level
of his shoulders when
opening the As-Salat
(the prayer); and on
saying the Takbir for
bowing. And on raising
his head from bowing he
used to do the same
and then say Sami
'Allahu liman hamidah,
Rabbana walakal-hamd.
And he did not do that
(i.e. raising his hands) in
prostrations." [Bukhari
1.702, Narrated 'Abdullah
bin Umar]
2. Place the right
hand on the left
The people were
ordered to place the
right hand on the left
forearm in As-Salat (the
prayer). [Bukhari 1.707,
Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd]
He (saaws) passed by a
man who was praying
and had placed his left
arm on his right, so he
pulled them apart and
placed the right on the
left. [Ahmad & Abu
Dawood, saheeh isnaad]
Men should place hands
across the chest (NOT
navel). Women should
also place hands across
the chest.
Fiqh 1.132. Al-Kamal
ibn al-Hamam is of the
opinion, "There is no
authentic hadith stating
that one must place
the hands under the
chest or below the
navel. According to the
Hanifiyyah, the hands
are to be placed below
the navel, and the
Shafiyyah say below the
chest. Ahmad has two
narrations
corresponding to these
two opinions. The
correct position is
somewhere in the
middle - to be equal."
Observes at-Tirmidhi,
"Knowledgeable
companions, their
followers and those
that came after them
believed that one
should put his right
hand over the left
during prayer, while
some say above the
navel and others say
below the navel..."
Nevertheless, there do
exist hadith that the
Propet, upon whom be
peace, placed his hands
on his chest. Reported
Hulb at-Ta'i, "I saw the
Prophet, upon whom be
peace, praying with his
right hand over his left
upon his chest above
the elbow." This is
related by Ahmad and
at-Tirmidhi, who grades
it as hassan.
Fiqh 1.132. Reported
Wa'il ibn Hajr, "Once
when I prayed with the
Prophet, upon whom be
peace, he placed his
right hand over his left
upon his chest." The
report is recorded by
Ibn Khuzaimah, who
considers it as sahih,
and by Abu Dawud and
an-Nasa'i with the
wording, "Then he put
his right hand over the
back of his left wrist
and forearm."
3. Look down without
looking around
The Prophet said,
"What is wrong with
those people who look
towards the sky during
the Salat (prayer)?" his
talk grew stern while
delivering this speech
and he said, "They
should stop [looking
towards the sky during
the Salat (prayer)];
otherwise their eyes
would be snatched
away." [Bukhari 1.717,
Narrated Anas bin Malik]
I asked Allah's
Messenger about
looking hither and
thither in As-Salat (the
prayer). He replied, "It
is a way of stealing by
which Satan takes away
(a portion) from the
Salat (prayer) of a
person." [Bukhari 1.718,
Narrated 'Aisha]
4. Commence with a
prescribed Du'aa
(supplication)
One example: Subhana
kallah humma wa bi-
hamdika watabara
kasmuka wata 'ala jad-
duka, wa la ilaha
ghayruk, meaning "You
are Glorified, O Allaah,
and Praised; Your Name
is Blessed;Your Majesty
is Exalted, and none has
the right to worshipped
but You."
Another example: Allah
humma ba'id baynee wa
bayna khatayana kama
ba'adta baynal mashriqi
wal maghribi, Allah
humma naq-qinee min
khatayaya kama yunaq-
qath thuwabul abyadu
minad danasi , Allah hum
maghsilnee min
khatayaya bil maee
wath thalji wal bardi,
meaning "O Allaah!
Separate me (far) from
my sins as you have
separated (far) the
East and West. O
Allaah ! Cleanse me of
my sins as white cloth
is cleansed from dirt. O
Allaah ! ...


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