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hathuran.peperonity.net

history

it is said in Islam that the love the native is a part of Emaan(Faith). When we fall in love with a thing or person we find all information about it. we love our village or native but how much do we know about its past, its institutions geographical places, movements, people ? nothing. Then read the information gathered from our elders, internet books etc.
Geographical Location :
Our village is located at 21. 29' - 55.99' north latitude, 72.58' - 07.82'' east longitude on the globe of earth. it is under the tropic of concern that is on the temperate zone. Our village is at hte height of 34 meters from the sea level. And it is nearly 27 km from the gulf of cam bay in the Arabian sea .
From the three directions of our village – east, west & south channel from the right bank of UKai flow.
From the middle of the village passes a north – south western Railway track. So the village is divided into two parts East & West and has a Railway station, our village is connected to national highway no-8 passing from pharoa through a pucca road at a distance of 3.5 km.
In the north –east NANA Borsara in the north-west Ravidra in the south east MAhuvej and in the South West Utyadra.
Ancient Political Position
Our village is in Gujarat state. In history books there is a description of the kings who ruled over Gujarat in ancient times. So we can guess that our village must have been under their rule.
From “ the history of ancient India – part 2we know that around 840 A.D., there was rule of Gurjar Pratikari Dynasty king from their name. Our state is known as Gujarat. Its king was MIHIR BHOJ after that in 940 A.D. there was a Rule of Solanki Dynasty on us which continued till 1242 AD. During this period Arab Muslim traders & with them Sufi saints entered Gujarat from the parts of Gujarat like Surat & Bharuch. Respecting their invitation our ancestors accepted Islam. There is reason to believe for our village that we have not accepted Islam under the influence of Sultanat but at the invitation of revered saints. The basis for this is Mazars of saints around our village. During this period many mosques were also built. After 1242 there was a rule of Vaghela dynasty. To them sultan Alauddin Khilji of Delhi Sultanat defeated n 1297 & established first government of Muslims in Gujarat. Alauddin appointed Alapkhan (Shaikhji) as a governor. This series of appointments of governor continue for 100 years. But king named Taimoor lang attacked Delhi so the grip of Delhi sultanat lessened over Gujarat leading to chaos. And Gujarat disintegrated into small Subas due to revolts. This continue dtill 1572 AD and Mughal king akbar attacked Gujarat & defeated NAWAB named ZAFAR SHAH. Thus Gujarat came under the grip of Mughals and remained under them till 1751. After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 the foundation of Mughal authorities weakened and Anarchi spread in Gujarat seeing that Maratha Peshwas & leaders attacked Gujarat & captured Dabhai first in 1731 and then won Vadodara estate. And spread their empire by attacking other regions. Thus our village came under the Maratha rule of Gayakwad of Vadodara state and merged in undivided India in 1947. And we came uder democracy. The king who spread Gayakwadi empire was Damaji Rao. There were total 12 Gayakwadi kings till the Independence. Longest rule among tham was of maharaja SayajiRao Gayakwad third from 1857 to 1939. After that his son Pratap Singh Gayakwad remained ruler till 1947 & as a Saliyana King till 1951.
In 1951 our king overspent in the state so Indian government deposed him and appointed datehsingh rao gayakwad. In the end, Indira Gandhi stopped saliyana of 512 states during her rule in 1971 so the indirect of monarchy ended.
Today Gayakwadi descendents Ranjit sinh rao and Sangram Sinh are alive & reside in Mumbai. And their sister Mrunalini Devi pawar is chancellor of M.S.University of Baroda.
Modern political history
After independence our village was village of Mumbai state whose first chief minister was Morarji desai. A movement started in Mumbai for its division on the basis of Marathi Gujarati language – under the banner of “United Maharastra movement “ but the Nehru Government did not budge. So to pressurise Governement, the then finance minister Chintamani Deshmukh resigned. He got moral support of Marathi public so the struggle gained momentum. At last on 1 may 1960 Mumbai state was divided so Maharastra & Gujarat were formed. its first chief Minister late Sivraj Mehta.
Our village was a village of velachcha Taluka till 1921 in a gayakwadi rule. Then it become a border village of Mangrol Taluka. It was so also in Gayakwadi Rule. The proof of being a village of Gayakwadi border is stone of Gayakwadi border in the form of Salehji near Vadlawala bridge in block no 134 on the west of Railway km 303 pole no 9/10 which can be seen even today. Ahead of that there was British Rule in Panoli. As Hathuran village is on the tempera zone, heat/cold is normal here. The maximum temperature of our village is 43 centigrade & minimum is 15 centigrade unless there is a severe heat/cold the normal temperature is between 27 to 35 c. Very pleasant /normal atmosphere is during October to February. There is severe heat in April-May.
In October-November North-east winds bring cold over our village. These winds continue till January. After that south-west winds start. They blow at slow speed but as the monsoon nears thay gain speed. These winds only bring rain over our village & continue till the end of monsoon . it rains around 12 June. It rains about 30 to 40 inch.
Natural calamities
The earthquake : Bureau of Indian standards has divided the country into five zones on the basis of possible intensity of earthquake. According to that, zone 1 is safest & zone 5 is the most unsafe. Our village comes over zone 2. As per the research of Geologist we are on the plate of Indian sub-continent which pushes torsi plate so there is an earthquake. The fault line of this Indian subcontinent plate is near Kutch on the west & near Assam on the east which Hundreds of miles away from our village. So there is no earthquake in our village. Only its tremors reach. By the grace of Allah our village has not seen destruction by earthquake in the past years till today. In 1970 in the morning, there were tremors but there was no damage in the same way in the night in 1994 there were tremors of earthquake whose epicentre was Latur (Maharashtra). That time also there was no demage but on 26th January 2001 in the morning at 8.45 min the tremors of severe earthquake of Kutch Bhuj had spread to our village also were felt for 20 to 30 seconds and its aftershock continued for 25 to 35 seconds. By that we felt as if we were sitting in the boat. These tremors were severe which caused no loss of life but houses, light-poles , minaret of mosque had been shaken very much. It cause lot of damage to the minaret of mosque. Beside that the wall of houses had fallen. The biggest damage was that ceiling of houses were cracked. So that in the next monsoon ceilings leaked & everyone had to fit metal sheets on roofs. Besides that water tanks had also leaked because of tremors of earth quake the utensils had fallen from the shelf. When tremors were going on, sayaji nagari express was passing from our village. Eye witness said that it was also shaking.
Rain :
Generally there is not much danger to our village from rain. Because canals have come around village so the path soft water have changed. In spite of that the rain which fell on the night of 4th August 2004 was terrible elder say that they have not seen such a rain int heir life time. In just one and half hour water had reached in the low lying houses for upto 3 feet this situation had arisen even though there is no river around Oh. In Panoli there was all out flood. From where did that much water come? It was unfathomable.
Before that in 1968 also there was a lot of rain it is said that the water passing from the outskirts made its way through Khadaki Faliya apart from this there was not independence of flood or damage over the village in the past.
Famine:
In 1899 (Samvat 1956) there was famine all over Gujarat. Before that there had been no rain for three consecutive years. It had affected our village. People ate government distributed Kodara & left cattle to the panjara pol or Alya bet. This famine had struck in vikram samvat 1956. So it was called chhappaniyo “Dukal”. Besides that 1984 to 1986 were also declared as famine years. But canals had arrived. So people did not have much trouble. The information about chhappaniyo “Dukal” was given years ago by Marhoom J. Yusuf Ismail Mulla Sa. (Manjara) He had lived for 105 years which is a record for our village.
The storm of lightening of the sky.
The date of 22nd august 2005 was like the night of Qayamat only for village Hathuran. At 9:30 in the night , suddenly sounds of thunder were heard with flashes of lightening. And the lightening kept on striking village for three hours as if it wanted to take someone . In the village, lightening had strike many trees & light poles. There were incident of shearing off trees. One flash had struck the minaret of the mosque due to which the bulbs, fans & light had turned on even though they were switched off. Bulbs had even come-off the holders. Besides that many electrical gadgets were blown in many houses of village.
Cyclone
In 1981 a terrible cyclone had struck. The wind had been blowing starting from 10:00 at night till late night roofs of the houses of village had been blown off. There was lot of damage before that whether there was any cyclone or not there is not mention.
Man made calamity in 1980 in the houses of Marhoom Yusuf Dabuda Saheb, there was terrible fire in afternoon. It could be controlled after about 3 to 4 hours. Ankleshwar fire brigade was called with fire engines. There was huge loss.

Effect of trouble in Burma over village.
During First World War Burma was British ruled. And many travellers from our village did business there. At that when Japan had attacked Burma, many people of our village had loss due to which they crossed border walking by foot & returned. After that also in 1962 New in named dictator deposed UNU name prime minister & came to power. That time he gave an economic slogan “Burmas road to socialism” & instigated Burmas public & expelled. Indian settled their forbidding taking off any wealth. Only Indian 72 Rs. 1 Tikal gold (Slightly more than 1 tola) four pairs of clothes blanket of sheet, footwear, toothpaste, soap, medicine. Not allowing to take anything else Indians were expelled from Burma, among whom there were many big businessman of our village they had to return to native leaving their wealth. So the village had ...


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