Welcome, guest. You are not logged in.
Log in or join for free!
Forgot login details?

For free!
Get started!

Text page

james tissot a little nimro

.... N I M R O D'

who was he ? GODLY or evil ?

Nimrod revealed The Bible states…
Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty
warrior on the earth. He was a
mighty hunter before the LORD; that is why it is said, “Like
Nimrod, a mighty hunter before
the LORD.” The centers of his
kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh in Shinar (Genesis 10:8-10). Many consider this to be a
positive, complimentary
testimony about Nimrod. It is
just the opposite! First, a little
background study is necessary. Cultural Connections
in the Ancient Near
East Besides the stories of the Creation and Flood in the Bible there ought to be similar
stories on clay tablets found in the cultures near and around
the true believers. These
tablets may have a reaction, or
twisted version, in their
accounts of the Creation and
Flood. In the post-Flood genealogical
records of Genesis 10 we note that the sons of Ham were: Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan. Mizraim became the Egyptians. No one is sure where Put went
to live. And it is obvious who
the Canaanites were. Cush lived in the “land of Shinar” which most scholars consider to be
Sumer. There developed the
first civilization after the Flood.
The sons of Shem-the Semites- were also mixed, to some
extent, with the Sumerians. We suggest that Sumerian Kish, the first city established in Mesopotamia after the Flood, took its name from the man
known in the Bible as Cush. The first kingdom established
after the Flood was Kish, and the name “Kish” appears often
on clay tablets. The early post-
Flood Sumerian king lists (not found in the Bible) say that
“kingship descended from
heaven to Kish” after the
Flood. (The Hebrew name
“Cush,” much later, was moved
to present-day Ethiopia as migrations took place from
Mesopotamia to other places.)
The Sumerians, very early,
developed a religio-politico state
which was extremely binding on
all who lived in it (except for
the rulers, who were a law
unto themselves). This system was to influence the Ancient
Near East for over 3000 years.
Other cultures which followed
the Sumerian system were Accad, Babylon, Assyria, and Persia, which became the basis of Greece and Rome's system of rule. Founded by Cush, the Sumerians were very important
historically and Biblically.
Was “Nimrod” Godly
or Evil?
. First, what does the name
Nimrod mean?
It comes from the
Hebrew verb marad, meaning
“rebel.” Adding an “n” before
the “m” it becomes an
infinitive construct, “Nimrod.” (see Kautzsch 1910:
137 2b, also BDB 1962: 597).
The meaning then is “The
Rebel.” Thus “Nimrod” may not
be the character's name at all.
It is more likely a derisive term of a type, a representative, of
a system that is epitomized in
rebellion against the Creator,
the one true God. Rebellion began soon after the Flood as civilizations were restored. At
that time this person became
very prominent. In Genesis 10:8-11 we learn that “Nimrod” established a
kingdom. Therefore, one would
expect to find also, in the
literature of the ancient Near
East, a person who was a type,
or example, for other people to follow. And there was. It is a
well-known tale, common in
Sumerian literature, of a man
who fits the description. In
addition to the Sumerians, the Babylonians wrote about this person; the Assyrians likewise; and the Hittites. Even in Palestine, tablets have been
found with this man's name on
them. He was obviously the
most popular hero in the
Ancient Near East. The Gilgamesh Epic The person we are referring to
found in extra-Biblical literature
was Gilgamesh. The first clay
tablets naming him were found
among the ruins of the temple
library of the god Nabu (Biblical Nebo) and the palace library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh. Many others have been found since in
a number of excavations. The
author of the best treatise on
the Gilgamesh Epic says, The date of the composition of
the Gilgamesh Epic can
therefore be fixed at about
2000 BC. But the material
contained on these tablets is
undoubtedly much older, as we can infer from the mere fact
that the epic consists of
numerous originally independent
episodes, which, of course, did
not spring into existence at the
time of the composition of our poem but must have been
current long before they were
compiled and woven together to
form our epic (Heidel 1963: 15). Yet his arrogance, ruthlessness
and depravity were a subject
of grave concern for the
citizens of Uruk (his kingdom). They complained to the great
god Anu, and Anu instructed
the goddess Aruru to create
another wild ox, a double of
Gilgamesh, who would challenge
him and distract his mind from the warrior's daughter and the
noblemen's spouse, whom it
appears he would not leave in
peace (Roux 1966: 114). The Epic of Gilgamesh has some
very indecent sections.
Alexander Heidel, first translator
of the epic, had the decency to
translate the vilest parts into
Latin. Spieser, however, gave it to us “straight” (Pritchard
1955: 72). With this kind of literature in
the palace, who needs
pornography?Gilgamesh was a vile, filthy man. Yet the myth says of him that he was
“2/3 god and 1/3 man.”
.Gilgamesh is Nimrod :
How does Gilgamesh compare
with “Nimrod?” Ancient
historian Josephus says of
Nimrod, Now it was Nimrod who excited
them to such an affront and
contempt of God. He was the grandson of Ham, the son of Noah-a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded
them not to ascribe it to God, as if it were through his means
they were happy, but to
believe that it was their own
courage which procured that
happiness. He also gradually
changed the government into tyranny-seeing no other way of
turning men from the fear of God, but to bring them into a constant dependence upon his
own power. He also said he would be
revenged on God, if he should have a mind to drown the
world again; for that he would
build a tower too high for the waters to be able to reach! and that he would avenge himself
on God for destroying their forefathers! (Ant. I: iv: 2) What Josephus says here is
precisely what is found in the
Gilgamesh epics.Gilgamesh set up tyranny, he opposed
YHWH and did his utmost
to get people to forsake
Him. Two of the premiere
commentators on the Bible in
Hebrew have this to say about Genesis 10:9, Nimrod was mighty in hunting, and that in opposition to YHWH;
not ‘before YHWH’ in the
sense of according to the will
and purpose of YHWH, still less,…
in a simply superlative sense…
The name itself, ‘Nimrod’ from marad, ‘We will revolt,’ points
to some violent resistance to God… Nimrod as a mighty hunter founded a powerful
kingdom; and the founding of
this kingdom is shown by the
verb with consecutive to have
been the consequence or result
of his strength in hunting, so that hunting was intimately
connected with the establishing
of the kingdom. Hence, if the
expression ‘a mighty hunter’
relates primarily to hunting in the literal sense, we must add
to the literal meaning the
figurative signification of a
‘hunter of men’ (a trapper of
men by stratagem and force);
Nimrod the hunter became a tyrant, a powerful hunter of
men (Keil and Delitzsch 1975:
165). “in the face of YHWH” can only
mean ‘in defiance of YHWH’ as
Josephus and the Targums
understand it (op. cit.: 166). And the proverb must have
arisen when other daring and
rebellious men followed in
Nimrod's footsteps and must
have originated with those who
saw in such conduct an act of rebellion against the God of salvation, in other words, with the possessors of the divine
promise of grace (loc. cit.). After the Flood there was, at
some point, a breakaway from
YHWH. Only eight people descended from the Ark. Those people worshipped YHWH. But at
some point an influential person
became opposed to YHWH and
gathered others to his side. I
suggest that Nimrod is the one
who did it. Cain had done similarly before the Flood,
founding a new city and
religious system. Our English translation of the
Hebrew of Genesis 10:8-10 is weak. The author of this
passage of Scripture will not call
Gilgamesh by his name and
honor him, but is going to call
him by a derisive name, what
he really is-a rebel. Therefore we should translate Genesis
10:8-10 to read, Cush begat Nimrod; he began to
be a tyrant in the earth. He
was a tyrannical hunter in
opposition to the Lord. Thus it
is said, 'Nimrod the tyrannical
opponent of YHWH.' Likewise, Gilgamesh was a man
who took control by his own
strength. In Genesis 10 Nimrod is presented as a type of him.
Nimrod's descendents were the
ones who began building the tower in Babel where the tongues were changed.
Gilgamesh is a type of early city
founders. (Page numbers below are from
Heidel 1963) He is a “shepherd” _______ page 18 From Uruk ________________ page 17 (Kramer 1959: 31 cal ls Uruk Erech. ) A giant __________________ page 17 (11 cubits) Bui lds c it ies ____________ page 17 Vi le man “takes women” ___ page 18 Mighty hunter ____________ page 18
.Gilgamesh Confronts
YHWH! The name of YHWH rarely
appears in extra-Biblical
literature in the Ancient Near
East. Therefore we would not
expect to find it in the
Gilgamesh epic. But why should the God of the Jews rarely be mentioned? The Hebrew Bible is
replete with the names of
other gods. On the other hand, the nations
surely knew of Him even though
they had no respect for Him. If
so, how might His Name appear
in their literature, if at all? The
name of YHWH, in a culture which is in rebellion against His
rule, would most likely be in a
derisive form, not in its true
form. Likewise, the writers of
Scripture would deride the
rebels. Putting the Evidence
Together—the Bible
and the Gilgamesh
Epic The Gilgamesh Epic ...
Next part ►

This page:

Help/FAQ | Terms | Imprint
Home People Pictures Videos Sites Blogs Chat