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Ibn Ishaaq stated that
he was a man of Rum.
His name was Job, Ibn
Mose, Ibn Razeh, Ibn
Esau, Ibn Isaac (pbuh),
Ibn Abraham (pbuh).
Someone else said he
was Job, Ibn Mose, Ibn
Rimil, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac,
Ibn Jacob. There have
also been other
statements on his
lineage. Ibn Asaker
narrated that his
mother was a daughter
of Lot (pbuh). It was
said, also that his
father was one who
believed in Abraham
(pbuh) when he was
cast into the fire.
The first opinion is the
most plausible, because
he was a descendant of
Abraham's offspring as
Allah Almighty declared:
"That was Our proof
which We gave Abraham
against his people. We
raise whom We will in
degrees. Certainly your
Lord is All-Wise, All
Knowing. And We
bestowed upon him
Isaac and Jacob, each
of them We guided and
before him, We guided
Noah, and among his
progeny David, Solomon,
Job, Joseph, Moses, and
Aaron. Thus do We
reward the good doers.
(Ch 6:83-84)
Allah the Almighty
praised His worshipper
Job in His Glorious
Quran: Truly! We found
him patient. How
excellent a slave! Verily,
he was ever oft
returning in repentance
to Us! (Ch 38:44)
Job (pbuh) was
repentant, remembering
Allah with thankfulness,
patience, and
steadfastness. This was
the cause of his rescue
and the secret of
Allah's praising him.
A group of angels were
discussing Allah's other
human creatures, how
those who were humble
earned Allah's pleasure,
while those who were
arrogant incurred His
displeasure. One of the
angels remarked: "The
best creature on earth
today is Job, a man of
noble character who
displays great patience
and always remembers
his Generous Lord. He is
an excellent model for
the worshippers of
Allah. In return, his Lord
has blessed him with a
long life and plenty of
servants, as well as the
needy and the poor
share in his good
fortune; he feeds and
clothes the poor and
buys slaves to set
them free. He makes
those who receive his
charity feel as if they
are favoring him so kind
and gentle is he."
Iblis overhearing all of
this, became annoyed.
He planned to tempt
Job to corruption and
disbelief, so he
hastened to him. He
tried to distract Job
from his prayers by
whispering him about
the good things in life
but Job was a true
believer and would not
let evil thoughts tempt
him. This disturbed Iblis
even more; thus he
began to hate Job even
Iblis complained to Allah
about Job. He said that
although he was
continuously glorifying
Allah he was not doing
so out of his sincerity
but to satisfy Allah so
that his wealth should
not be taken away. It
was all a show, all out
of greed. "If You
remove his wealth then
You will find that his
tongue will no longer
mention Your name and
his praying will stop."
Allah told Iblis that Job
was one of His most
sincere devotees. He did
not worship Him
because of the favors;
his worship stemmed
from his heart and had
nothing to do with
material things. But to
prove to Iblis the depth
of Job's sincerity and
patience, Allah allowed
him to do whatever he
and his helpers wished
with Job's wealth.
Iblis was very happy. he
gathered his helpers
and set about
destroying Job's cattle,
servants and farms
until he was left with
no possessions. Rubbing
his hands in glee, Iblis
appeared before Job in
the guise of a wise old
man and said to him: "All
your wealth is lost,
some people say that it
is because you gave
too much charity and
that you are wasting
your time with your
continuous prayers to
Allah. Others say that
Allah has brought this
upon you in order to
please your enemies. If
Allah had the capacity
to prevent harm, then
He would have
protected your wealth."
True to his belief, Job
replied: "What Allah has
taken away from me
belongs to Him. I was
only its trustee for
awhile. He gives to
whom He wills and
withholds from whom He
wills." With these words,
Job again prostrated to
his Lord.
When Iblis saw this, he
felt frustrated, so he
again addressed Allah: "I
have stripped Job of all
his possessions, but he
still remains grateful to
You. However he is only
hiding his
disappointment, for he
places great store by
his many children. The
real test of a parent is
through his children.
You will see how Job
will reject You."
Allah granted Iblis
authority but warned
him that it would not
reduce Job' faith in His
Lord nor his patience.
Iblis again gathered his
helpers and set about
his evil deeds. He shook
the fountain of the
house in which Job's
children were living and
sent the building
crashing, killing all of
them. Then he went to
Job disguised as a man
who had come to
sympathize with him. In
a comforting tone he
said to Job: "The
circumstances under
which your children died
were sad. Surely, your
Lord is not rewarding
you properly for all your
prayers." Having said
this, Iblis waited
anxiously hoping Job
was now ready to
reject Allah.
But again Job
disappointed him by
replying: "Allah
sometimes gives and
sometimes takes. He is
sometimes pleased and
sometimes displeased
with our deeds. Whether
a thing is beneficial or
harmful to me, I will
remain firm in my belief
and remain thankful to
my Creator." then Job
prostrated to his Lord.
At this Iblis was
extremely vexed.
Iblis called on Allah. "O
my Lord, Job's wealth is
gone, his children are
dead, and he is still
healthy in body, and as
long as he enjoys good
health he will continue
to worship You in the
hope of regaining his
wealth and producing
more children. Grant me
authority over his body
so that I may weaken
it. He will surely neglect
worshipping You an will
thus become
Allah wanted to teach
Iblis a lesson that Jo
was a devoted servant
of his Lord so He
granted Iblis his 3rd
request but placed a
condition: "I give you
authority over his body
but not over his soul,
intellect or heart, for in
these places reside the
knowledge of Me and
My religion."
Armed with this new
authority, Iblis began to
take revenge on Job's
body and filled it with
disease until it was
reduced to mere skin
and bone and he
suffered severe pain.
But through all the
suffering Job remained
strong in his faith,
patiently bearing all the
hardships without
complaining. Allah's
righteous servant did
not despair or turn to
others for help but
remained hopeful of
Allah's mercy. Even close
relatives and friends
deserted him. Only his
kind, loving wife stayed
with him. In his hour of
need, she showered her
kindness on him and
cared for him. She
remained his sole
companion and
comforter through the
many years of suffering.
Ibn Asaker narrated:
"Job was a man having
much wealth of all
kinds; beats, slaves,
sheep, vast lands of
Haran and many
children. All those
favors were taken from
him and he was
physically afflicted as
well. Never a single
organ was sound
except his heart and
tongue, with both of
which he glorified Allah,
the Almighty all the
time day and night. His
disease lasted for a
long time until his
visitors felt disgusted
with him. His friends
kept away from him and
people abstained from
visiting him. No one felt
sympathy for him
except his wife. She
took good care of him,
knowing his former
charity and pity for
Therefore Iblis became
desperate. He consulted
his helpers, but they
could not advise him.
They asked : "How is it
that your cleverness
cannot work against
Job, yet you succeeded
in misleading Adam the
father of man, out of
Iblis went to Job's wife
in the form of a man.
"Where is your
husband?" he asked her.
She pointed to an
almost lifeless form
crumbled on the bed
and said: "There he is,
suspended between life
and death."
Iblis reminded her of the
days, when Job had
good health, wealth and
children. Suddenly, the
painful memory of years
of hardship overcame
her, and she burst into
tears. She said to Job:
"How long are you going
to bear this torture
from our Lord? Are we
to remain without
wealth, children or
friends forever? Why
don't you call upon Allah
to remove this
Job sighed, and in a
soft voice replied : "Iblis
must have whispered to
you and made you
dissatisfied. Tell me how
long did I enjoy good
health and riches?"
She replied: "80 years."
Then Job replied: "How
long am I suffering like
She said: "7 years."
Job then told her: "In
that case I am ashamed
to call on my Lord to
remove the hardship,
for I have not suffered
longer than the years
of good health and
plenty. It seems your
faith has weakened and
you are dissatisfied
with the fate of Allah. If
I ever regain health, I
swear I will punish you
with a hundred strokes!
From this day ...

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