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Namaz

19.11.2011 06:23 EST



How to perform Salat

Obligatory Namaz

First Rakat
Niyyat


Stand erect facing the qibla (The Ka'aba), and

form the following intention in your mind:

"I offer, the _________ prayer (name of a

particular prayer), of ______ rakats (number

of rakats), wajib Qurbatan Illallah, (seeking

nearness to Allah, in obedience to Him").

Qayam


To stand erect facing the qibla (The Ka'aba)

while saying Takbiratul Ehram, and to stand

before the Ruku.

Takbiratul Ehram


Lift both hands up to the ears and say:



"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

To say Allahu Akbar in the beginning of every

prayer is obligatory. It is also necessary

that these two words should be pronounced in

correct Arabic. If a person pronounces these

words incorrectly, or utters their

translation, it will not be valid. It is

necessary that when a person pronounces

Takbiratul Ehram, his body is steady, if he

pronounces Takbiratul Ehram intentionally when

his body is in motion, his Takbir is void.

Qira'at (Reciting the Surah Al-Hamd and Other

Surah of Holy Qur'an)


In the the daily obligatory prayers, after the

Takbiratul Ehram, one should recite Surah al-

Hamd



Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil 'alamin
Arrahmanir Rahim
Maliki yaw middin
Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in
Ihdinas siratal mustaqim
Siratal lazina an'amta 'alayhim
Ghayril maghzubi 'alayhim walazzallin.

I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom

all excellences are combined and Who is free

from all defects. The Compassionate - One

Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited.

The Merciful - One Whose blessings are

inherent and eternal.

Praise be to Allah, the Sustainer of the

creation.

The Compassionate, the Merciful.

Lord of the Day of Judgement.

You alone we worship, and to You alone we pray

for help.

Guide us to the straight path.

The path of those whom You have favoured - the

Prophets and their successors.

Not of those who have incurred Your wrath, nor

of those who have gone astray.

in the first and second Rak'ats, and

thereafter one should, on the basis of

precaution, recite one complete Surah (in this

case Surah-Ikhlas).

Surah-Ikhlas




Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Qul huwallahu Ahad
Allahus Samad
Lam yalid walam yulad
Walam yakullahu kufuwan ahad.

I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom

all excellences are combined and Who is free

from all defects. The Compassionate - One

Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited.

The Merciful - One Whose blessings are

inherent and eternal.

Say: Allah is One - the Eternal Being.

Allah is He Who is independent of all beings.

He begot none, nor was He begotten.

And none in the creation is equal to Him.

Do Takbir and go to Ruku




"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).



Ruku




In every Rak'at, a person offering prayers

should, after reciting the Surahs (Qira'at),

bow to an extent that he is able to rest his

finger tips on his knees. This act is called

Ruku.

The following zikr should be recited in the

ruku once:


Subhana Rabbiyal 'Azimi wa bihamdih once.
(Free from all defects is my Lord, and with

His praise I bow.) or

Subhanallah three times. (Glory to Allah.)

After ruku stand up in Qayam and say:


Samey-Allaho Layman hamedah
Allah listens to one who praises Him

Say:




"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Now go to Sajdah


Sajdah




Sajdah means that one should place one's

forehead on earth in a special manner, with

the intention of humility (before Allah).

While performing Sajdahs during prayers, it is

obligatory that both the palms and the knees,

and both the big toes are placed on the

ground.

A person offering prayers should perform two

sajdahs after the Ruku, in each Rak'at of the

obligatory.

The following zikr should be recited in the

sajdah once:

Subhana Rabbi yal A'la wa bihamdih once.
(Glory be to my Great Sustainer, Most High,

and I praise Him.)
or Subhanallah three times. (Glory to Allah.)

After first Sajdah,


sit up in a kneeling position with the ankle

of the right foot in the sole of the left

foot, with hands resting on the thighs and

say:





"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

followed by:

"Astaghfir-oolaha Rabbee wa Atoobo Ilaih"
(I ask Allah, my Lord, to cover up my sins and

unto Him I turn repentant).

again followed by:



"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Repeat the Sajdah again and then sit up in a

kneeling position and say:



"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Sit up for a moment and then rise while

saying:

"Bay Hawlillahay wa Qoowateyhee Aqoomo wa

Aqud"
(Due to the vigour given by Allah and because

of the vitality from Him I rise and stand).

Second Rakat
Recite Surah Al-Hamd and Other Surah of Holy

Qur'an as in the first rakat.

followed by:



"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Now do Qunoot

Qunoot




Keep your hands in front of your face, turning

the palms facing the sky, and keeping both,

the hands and the fingers, close together and

recite the following:


Rabbana Aatyna Fiddoonya Hasanatan wa fil

Aakheratey Hasanatawn wa Qena Azaban Nar
(O our Lord! Bestow upon us good in this world

and good in the Hereafter, and protect us from

the torment of the fire)

Go back to Ruku,


recite the zikr, stand up momentarily and then

do the two sajdah's (just as in the first

rakat)

Tashahhud

After the second Sajdah recite the following:

"Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la

sharika lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan

'Abduhu wa Rasuluh Alla humma salli 'ala

Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad"
(I testify that there is none worth

worshipping except the Almighty Allah, Who is

One and has no partner, and I testify that

Muhammad is His servant and messenger. O

Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his

progeny)

If you are doing the Dawn prayers (Fajr):-

( For Dawn prayers (Fajr) Only:

Recite the Salaam as follows:

Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa

rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
(O Prophet! Allah's peace, blessings and grace

be upon you!).

Assalamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadil lahis salihin
(Allah's peace be on us, those offering

prayers - and upon all pious servants of

Allah).

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa

barakatuh.
(Allah's peace, blessings and grace be on you

believers!)

Thereafter


say (below) three times and that completes

your Salaat:



"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great). )

If you are doing the Midday (Zuhr), Afternoon

prayers ('Asr) or Night ('Isha), ignore the

above section (in red)

and then stand up for the third rakat.
Third Rakat
Tasbihat Arba'ah


Recite Tasbihat Arba'ah three times, as

follows:

"Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha

lallahu wallahu Akbar"
(Glory be to Allah, and all praise is for Him

and there is no one worth worshipping other

than Allah, and He is Greater than any

description).

Go back to Ruku,


recite the zikr, stand up momentarily and then

do the two sajdah's (just as in the first

rakat) and thereafter recite the Tashahhud

(only if this is a Dusk prayer) (just as in

the second rakat).

If you are doing the Dusk prayers ...


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