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The Crosscut Saw and Ripsaw

The crosscut and ripsaw have the same shape and size the difference between these saws. The crosscut saw has a tooth style designed for the most efficient cutting of wood perpendicular to the grain. In high quality crosscut saws, the saw blade has many tiny beveled points that cut sharply across the wood fibers. A less expensive saw has a flatter tooth.
For any saw, the quality of cut will depend on the number of the tiny points the saw has for each inch of blade. The number of POINTS PER INCH is often stamped on the blade.
A common range for spacing of the points is 7 to 12 per inch (3 to 5 per cm) . The saw with a larger number of points will give a much finer cut surface. For average cutting, the 7 or 8 (3 or 3.1) point saw is satisfactory.
To reduce saw function and blade binding in the kerf (newly opened cut),
the manufacturer gives set to the blade. Setting is the practice of alternately bending the points to the right and left of center. Set allows the kerf to be but wider than the blade, thereby reducing friction. Setting many be needed again after many uses of the saw.

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