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>Allama Iqbal<

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ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ
(November 9, 1877 –
April 21, 1938), also
known as Allama
Iqbal (ﻋﻼﻣﮧ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ), was
a philosopher, poet and
politician in Pakistan who is widely
regarded as having
inspired the Pakistan
Movement. He is
considered one of the
most important figures
in Urdu literature,
with literary work in
both the Urdu and
Persian languages.
Iqbal is admired as a
prominent classical poet
by Pakistani, Iranian,
Indian and other
international scholars of
literature.Though
Iqbal is best known as
an eminent poet, he is
also a highly acclaimed
"Muslim philosophical
thinker of modern
times". His first
poetry book, Asrar-e-
Khudi, appeared in the
Persian language in
1915, and other books
of poetry include
Rumuz-i-Bekhudi,
Payam-i-Mashriq and
Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst
these his best known
Urdu works are Bang-i-
Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i
Kalim and a part of
Armughan-e-Hijaz.In
Iran and Afghanistan,
he is famous as Iqbāl-e
Lāhorī ( ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﯼ)
(Iqbal of Lahore), and he
is most appreciated for
his Persian work.
Along with his Urdu and
Persian poetry, his
various Urdu and English
lectures and letters
have been very
influential in cultural,
social, religious and
political disputes over
the years.
In 1922, he was
knighted by King George
V, giving him the
title "Sir".
While studying law and
philosophy in England,
Iqbal became a member
of the London branch of
the All India Muslim
League. Later, in
one of his most famous
speeches, Iqbal pushed
for the creation of a
Muslim state in
Northwest India. This
took place in his
presidential speech in
the League's December
1930 session.He
was very close to the
founder of Pakistan,
Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

In much of Southern
Asia and Urdu speaking
world, Iqbal is regarded
as the Shair-e-Mashriq
( ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻣﺸﺮﻕ, "Poet of the East").
He is also called
Muffakir-e-Pakistan
( ﻣﻔﮑﺮ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ, "The
Thinker of Pakistan")
and Hakeem-ul-Ummat
( ﺣﮑﯿﻢ ﺍﻻﻣﺖ, "The Sage
of the Ummah"). The
Pakistan government
officially named him a
"national poet". His
birthday Yōm-e
Welādat-e Muḥammad
Iqbāl ( ﯾﻮﻡ ﻭﻻﺩﺕ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ
ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ) or (Iqbal Day) is a
public holiday in
Pakistan. In India he
is also remembered as
the author of the
popular patriotic song
Saare Jahaan Se Achcha.


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