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Higher education in Europe

Iqbal was influenced by
the teachings of Sir
Thomas Arnold, his
philosophy teacher at
Government college
Lahore, Arnold's
teachings determined
Iqbal to pursue higher
education in West. In
1905, he traveled to
England for his higher
education. Iqbal qualified
for a scholarship from
Trinity College in
Cambridge and obtained
Bachelor of Arts in
1906, and in the same
year he was called to
the bar as a barrister
from Lincoln's Inn. In
1907, Iqbal moved to
Germany to study
doctorate and earned
PhD degree from the
Ludwig Maximilian
, Munich in 1908.
Working under the
guidance of Friedrich
Hommel, Iqbal published
his doctoral thesis in
1908 entitled: The
Development of
Metaphysics in Persia
During Iqbal's stay in
Heidelberg, Germany in
1907 his German
teacher Emma
Wegenast taught him
about Goethe's Faust,
Heine and Nietzsche.
During his study in
Europe, Iqbal began to
write poetry in Persian.
He prioritized it because
he believed he had
found an easy way to
express his thoughts.
He would write
continuously in Persian
throughout his life.

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