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a-1-coffee.peperonity.net

↑↓•COFFEA CANEPHORA
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COFFEA CANEPHORA
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Coffea canephora -- C. canephora var. robusta

Variety: Robusta

Most of the world's robusta is grown in Central and Western Africa, parts of South east Asia, including Indonesia and Vietnam, and in Brazil.

Production of robusta is increasing, though it accounts for only about 30 percent of the world market.

Genetically, robusta carries fewer chromosomes than arabica and the bean itself tends to be slightly rounder and smaller than an arabica bean.

The robusta tree is heartier, more disease and parasite resistant, which makes it easier and cheaper to cultivate.

It also has the advantage of being able to withst and warmer climates, preferring constant temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees, which enables it to grow at far lower altitudes than arabica. It requires about 60 inches of rainfall a year and cannot withstand a frost.

Compared with arabica, robusta beans produce a coffee which has a distinctive taste and about 50-60% more caffeine.

Robusta is primarily used in blends and for instant coffees.

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