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geography of tamilnadu - Newest pictures Animals/Nature
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Geography of Tamilnadu

Tamil Nadu is one of the
largest states in India. It is
located in the southern
most part of the Indian
mainland. It has a long
coastline and the Eastern
Ghats (mountain range)
run parallel to the same.
The coastal plains run
north to South. Karnataka
and Andhra Pradesh
surround Tamil Nadu on
the North while Kerala lies
to the West. The waters
of the Bay of Bengal and
the Indian Ocean
surround the coastal
eastern and southern
boundaries of the state.
The northern extreme of
Tamil Nadu is Pulicat Lake
while the southernmost
tip is Cape Comorin or
Kanyakumari.
The Eastern and Western
Ghats meet in Tamil Nadu
and run along the state's
eastern and western
borders. Hill stations like
Udhagamandalam (Ooty),
Kodaikanal, Kothagiri and
Yercaud are situated in
this hilly region. It is
interesting to note that
there are only two major
gaps (Palakkad gap and
Shencottah gap) into the
long chain of hills that
border western Tamil
Nadu. In a marked
contrast to the low rocky
hills of the Eastern Ghats,
the hills of the Western
Ghats have dense forests.
This region receives
plentiful rainfall and the
scenic valleys here are
dotted with tea, spice and
coffee plantations. The
upper reaches of Eastern
Ghats are famous for their
fruit orchards, banana and
coffee plantations.
Being a tropical land,
Tamil Nadu is rich in
various types of flora and
fauna. Wildlife sanctuaries
like Mudumalai and
Anaimalai are habitats of
elephants, tigers, bison
and a variety of monkey
and deer. There are more
than 3000 plant species
that are found in Tamil
Nadu and a majority of
them are in the mixed
deciduous forests of the
region. A variety of
medicinal herbs are found
in the Palani hills and
Courtallam. Rubber is the
main plantation crop in
Kanyakumari region and
the more exotic
sandalwood grows in the
Jawadhu hills of Vellore
district.
Cauvery is the most
important river of Tamil
Nadu. It is a perennial
river and originates in the
Coorg district of the
neighboring Karnataka
state. Other important
rivers in the state are the
Palar, Vaigai, Pennar and
Tamiraparani. The coastal
Tamil Nadu comprises of
the Coromandel Coast.
There are mangrove
forests at Pichavaram and
important bird sanctuaries
at Pulicat Lake and
Vedanthangal.


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