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bankim chandra chatterjee


Indian Historical Personality

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on 26th June 1838 at the
village of Kathalpara, near Naihati. Son of a deputy collector, he grew up to join civil service as the deputy
magistrate and deputy collector of the district of Jessore as soon as he completed his law degree from Presidency
college Calcutta in 1857.
Bengalis, for the 1st time got the taste of a real novel in the pre-Tagore era through
Chatterjee. In 1864 his first novel in English, Rajmohan's wife started appearing on weekly basis in the Education
Gazette. His Bengali novel, which he had already started writting in 1863, was soon published. "Durgesh
Nandini" as it was called created a sensation in the Bengali literary arena. In 1869, his 3 novel 'Mrinalini' was
published and the readers for the 1st time found the flavour of patriotism in his creations.

In 1872 he
took over as the editor of the prestigious magazine Bangadarshan. In 1873 two new novels "Bishbriksha" and
"Indira" were published which totally dealt with social problems. In 1882 his novel "Rajsingha" based on the royal
families of Marwar came in the market. His most famous novel "Anandamath" was also published this year (2005).
"Anandamath" is termed, as his most political novel which was a source of inspiration to the patriots fighting for the
freedom of their motherland.

The chant "Vande Mataram" which later was adopted by the patriots as their slogan in
the fight for freedom was coined in this novel. In late 1882 when he was transferred to Judgepur in Orissa, he started
writing his thirteen novel "Devi Choudhurani". It was published in 1884. The last novel he wrote was "Sitaram",
published in 1887. Not only did he write novels, he was also one of the most effective columnists. His collection of
essays like "Lok Rahashya" and "Kamalakanter Daptar" criticized the meaningless Bengali customs in a manner
that forced an immediate change.

The British Government honoured him with the title "Ray Bahadur" in 1892. He...

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