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‡Simple present tense overview

The present simple takes the following
Subject + the present simple form of
the verb + (objects)
Alice knits a sweater.
Water boils.
Birds sing.
Flowers bloom.
The cow eats grass.
She works at a bank.
He goes to market every day.
He gets up at 7 am.
We play tennis on Sundays.
You may have noticed that when the
subject is a plural noun, the present
simple form of the verb is no different
from the infinitive without to.
Children play in the garden. (NOT
Children to play in the garden.)
The planets move around the sun.
(NOT The planets to move around the
When the subject is a singular noun,
the present simple form of the verb
takes the marker –s.
The earth moves around the sun. (NOT
The earth move around the sun.)
Alice writes stories for kids. (NOT Alice
write stories for kids.)
Verbs in the simple present tense do
not have the marker –s when the
subject is I or you.
I enjoy swimming in the sea. (NOT I
enjoys swimming in the sea.)
You wait there. (NOT You waits there.)
Present Simple Negative Form
Subject + do / does not + verb +
She doesn’t work hard.
He doesn’t smoke.
We don’t eat meat on Saturdays.
Present Simple Question Form
Do / does + subject + verb?
(Question Word) + do / does + subject
+ verb?
Does she work hard?
Do you eat meat on Fridays?
When do you go to work?

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