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a-2k-english-grammar.peperonity.net

‡Passives: verbs with two objects

Many verbs can be followed by two
objects – an indirect object and a direct
object. The indirect object usually
refers to a person and the direct object
usually refers to a thing.
Two structures are possible.
Subject + verb + indirect object + direct
object
He showed me a letter.
She gave her sister a car.
The indirect object can go after the
direct object. In this case, we use the
preposition to or for.
Subject + verb + direct object +
preposition + indirect object
He showed a letter to me.
She gave a car to her sister.
Both of these structures can be made
passive.
I was shown a letter (by him). (Here
the indirect object becomes the
subject of the passive clause.)
Her sister was given a car (by her).
(The indirect object becomes the
subject of the passive clause.)
A letter was shown to me (by him).
(Here the direct object becomes the
subject of the passive clause.)
A car was given to her sister (by her).
(Here again the direct object becomes
the subject of the passive clause.)
Of these two structures, the one in
which the indirect object becomes the
subject of the passive clause is
probably the more common.


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