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a-2k-english-grammar.peperonity.net

‡Use of but, though, in spite of and despite

All of these are words used to express
contrast. While but and though are
conjunctions, in spite of and despite
are prepositions.

Read the following sentences.
He was ill. Still he went to work.
The meanings of these two sentences
can be expressed in a single sentence
in the following ways.
He was ill but he went to work.
Though he was ill, he went to work.
In spite of being ill, he went to work.
In spite of his illness, he went to work.
Despite his illness, he went to work.
More examples are given below.
His scores were high. Yet he did not
win the scholarship.
These two sentences can be combined
into one using one of these words.
His scores were high but he did not win
the scholarship.
Though his scores were high, he did
not win the scholarship.
In spite of his scores being high, he did
not win the scholarship.
In spite of his high scores, he did not
win the scholarship.
Despite his high scores, he did not win
the scholarship.
Notes
But is a coordinating conjunction. We
do not usually begin a sentence with
but.
Though is a subordinating conjunction.
It usually introduces the reason.
Though and its clause can come at the
beginning or at the end of a sentence.
Though she didn’t understand a word,
she kept smiling.
OR
She kept smiling though she didn’t
understand a word.
In spite of is followed by an –ing form
or a noun. Despite means the same as
in spite of. It is used in a formal style.


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