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↑Adoor Gopalakrishnan↑


Born Moutathu Gopalakrishnan Unnithan
July 3, 1941 (age 70)
Pallickal, Adoor , Travancore , British India
Other names Adoor
Occupation Director, Screenwriter, Producer
Years active 1965 – present
Influenced Malayalam parallel cinema
Parents Madhavan Unnithan, Gauri Kunjamma
Moutatthu "Adoor" Gopalakrishnan Unnithan (born 3July 1941) is an Indian film director , script writer , and producer . Adoor Gopalakrishnan had a major role in revolutionizing Malayalam cinema and is regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of India. [ 1 ] Adoor's first film Swayamvaram (1972) pioneered the new wave cinema movement in Kerala. Most of his films go to festivals around the world, and are released in Kerala . All the eleven films he directed, from Swayamvaram to Oru Pennum Randaanum (2008), were screened at several international film festivals and won him several national and international awards. He won National Film Awards sixteen times, Kerala State Film Awards seventeen times and also won several international film awards. He won the prestigious British Film Institute award for Elippathayam (1981). Adoor received the Padma Shri in 1984 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2006. The Nation honoured Adoor for his valuable contributions to Indian cinema byawarding him the highest cinemaaward of India, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2004.
Gopalakrishnan was born on 3 July 1941 in the village of Pallickal (Medayil Bungalow) near Adoor , present day Kerala , India as the son of Madhavan Unnithan and Mouttathu Gauri Kunjamma. He started his artistic life as an actor in amateur plays when he was 8. Later he shifted his base to writing and direction and wrote and directed a few plays. After securing a degree in Economics, Political Science and Public Administration in 1961 from the Gandhigram Rural Institute , [ 3 ] he worked as a Government officer near Dindigul in Tamilnadu . In 1962, he left his job to study screenwriting and direction from the Pune Film Institute . He completed his course from there with a scholarship from the Government of India .With his classmates and friends, Adoor established Chithralekha Film Society and Chalachithra Sahakarana Sangham ; the organization was the first film society in Kerala and it aimed at production, distribution and exhibition of films in the co-operative sector.
Adoor has scripted and directed eleven feature films and about thirty short films and documentaries. Notable amongst the non-feature films are those onKerala’s performing arts.
Adoor's debut film, the national award winning Swayamvaram (1972) was a milestone in Malayalam film history. The film was exhibited widely in various international film festivals including those held in Moscow, Melbourne , London and Paris. Thefilms that followed namely Kodiyettam , Elippathayam , Mukhamukham , Anantaram , Mathilukal , Vidheyan and Kathapurushan lived up to the reputation of his first film and were well received by critics at various film festivals and fetched him many awards. However, Mukhamukham was criticized in Kerala while Vidheyan was at the centre of a debate due to the differences in opinion between the writer of story of the film Sakhariya and Adoor.
Adoor's later films are Nizhalkuthu , narrating the experiences of an executioner who comes to know that one of his subjects was innocent, and Naalu Pennungal , a film adaptation of four short stories by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai.

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