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mental health day

Mental Health Day

10 october

UN World Mental Health Day 2011

Mental, behavioral and neurological disorders are common in all countries around the world, causing immense agony and staggering economic and social costs. People with any disorder are mostly subjected to an isolated social life, poor life quality and higher death rates. Mental Health – Global Priority
Mental health is increasingly endorsed as a significant aspect in terms of the overallwell-being of the individual. In 1999 World Mental Health Day, which falls on October 10, had been dedicated to “Mental Health in Primary Care: Enhancing Treatment and Promoting Mental Health”. Mental health issues are a global priority and it is imperative to address issues pertaining to it at the earliest and in an effective and efficacious manner.

streamlined and based at evidence-based approaches.
Meanwhile it is imperative to ensure that there are clearlydefined principles and steps regarding the line of treatment that should be offered to the general practitioners and primary care workers. Following the initial treatment by primary workers further referrals for complex mental health issues can be sent to psychiatrists and psychologists with specialization.

Polices Must be Designed and Implemented
Thus, policies are required to be structured and implemented by the government. This would meanthat involvement of government is required and these problems need to be included into the health regulations of general naturewhich should be included withmedical, physical, psychological and mental health concerns. Hence advocacy is required and it acts as an important aspect of mental health. We would need to sensitize the leadership, health institutions, organizations and primary care workers about the necessity of integration of these two aspects of health. This can be summarized as follows as has also been recommended by the WHO as guidelines forincluding mental health in primary care:
*.Plan and policy should be framed to implement primary care for mental health.
*.The changes should be properly advocated.
*.Adequate training needs tobe imparted besides allocation of tasks that are important.
*.Sensitization at various levels is essential.
*.Collaboration is needed between government and NGOs to work in primary health care system.
*.There needs to be adequate earmarking of financial and human resources to ensure the availability of services to maximum number of individuals.

Interventions Needed
Simple and less expensive interventions should be provided with primary importance. Some of the interventions that need to be incorporated include:
*.Early intervention within schools by school counselors and pediatricians.
*.Provision of support to children through education and skill building programs.
*.Promotional event pertaining to mental health in schools.
*.Specialized support services for women and elderly that cater to theirneeds.
*.Community program to create awareness and remove trauma associated with mental health problems.
The identification of need for inclusion of services is specifically required within the context of a big and voluminous country where dearth of professionals leadsto millions of people without treatment that they urgently require. A step in the direction of incorporation would be beneficial to all – patients, their families, mental health experts, medical experts, non medical and non-governmental bodies working in the sector for the advocacy of the overall health and prosperityof the individual and hence the human race at large.

Best regards

Rakesh khudia

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