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The population of Punjab is a
homogeneous mixture of a
variety of tribes and classes. The
Greeks, Scythians, Parthians,
Huns, Pathans and Mughals came
here, settled down and got
woven into its cultural fabric.
Among the various tribes, the
most dominant ones are the Jats,
Khatris, Aroras, Brahmans,
Vaishas, Lohars, Gujjars,
Tarkhans and Sansins. Some
minority tribes residing in the
area are Awans, Arians, Kalals,
Ahluwalias, Labanas, Pathans,
Nais, Sainis, Kambohs and Soods.
Most of them can be further sub-
divided into clans and family
groups. Some other tribes
include Banias, Bhatias, Brahmins
and Chhimbas. Some of these
tribes have Arabian, Persian and
Turkish heritage.
Sikh Jat is the biggest community
settled in Punjab. They are expert
in agriculture and contribute
significantly towards the regional
agricultural output. The Khatris
and Aroras are next in number.
The Khatris are sub-divided into
many groups; the most
significant of them being the
Dhaighares, Charzatis, Punjzatis,
Chhezatis, Sarins, Bahris and the
Khakhrains. Khatris claim to be in
the direct line of the Kshatriyas of
the Aryan race. The Aroras also
claim to be of Khatri origin. The
minority tribes in the state are
occupied in agricultural
operations as well as local
trading operations.
Among the minor agricultural
tribes in Punjab, Sainis and
Kambohs are the most
prominent ones. The Sainis claim
their origin from the Rajputs,
while Kambohs are from "Kamboj
Desh ” in Afghanistan. They, along
with other minorities like Bawris,
Bazigars and the Pakhiwaras,
have retained their aboriginal
customs and beliefs. Every village
in Punjab has its own customs
and rituals. Every community has
its own social customs, which
are unique to it. Even when a Jat
and Khatri are next-door
neighbors, some of their cultural
traits vary a lot. Despite such a
wide diversity, a common thread
of homogeneity binds the
Punjabis as a whole. The people
with ethnic diversity blend
together to represent a veritable
aura of multi-dimensional
bondage and brotherhood.

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