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1. Sikhism
The Sikh religion originated in the Punjab region. Below, learn about Sikhism:
There are over 20 million Sikhs worldwide. The Sikh religion hails from the Punjab region, but is certainly
not confined to the region. Many Westerners in America and Europe have adopted the Sikh religion, and more
continue to adopt this faith everyday.In Sikhism, there is only one God, who is formless and all pervasive,
and who cannot take human form. The goal of life is to reach God. People can reach God by meditating and
following the Guru's teachings, and by doing charitable work.In Sikhism, people should remember God everyday
and perform meditation. Sikhs reject ritualism such as religious vegetarianism and yoga, and only perform
meditation to the Guru, not idols or things. In addition, there is no discrimination based on caste, race,
or sex in Sikhism.Doing charity work and community service is vital in Sikhism. Sikhs must share with others,
and earn their living with hard work and not by begging. In Sikhism, one must live a truthful life.
2. Islam
Many Punjabis are Muslim, especially the Punjabis from Pakistani Punjab. Please read below to learn a little
bit about the Muslim religion.
Islam is an Arabic word which means peace, purity, acceptance and commitment. As a religion, Islam calls for
complete acceptance of and submission to the teachings and guidance of God. A Muslim is one who freely and
willingly accepts the supreme power of God and strives to organize his life in total accord with the teachings
of God. He also works for building social institutions which reflect the guidance of God.All Muslims profess
acceptance of God as the One and Only God and Mohammad as te last and final messanger of God. Muslims believe
that angels are spiritual beings who carry out the will of God. Muslims also have an understanding of destiny
as an essential belief.In Islam, there are five pillars considered obligatory for all Muslims. The pillars of
Islam play important roles in intellectual and social dimensions of Islamic life. The five pillars of faith
and practice are: (1) The Shahada (Witness), (2) The Salat (Prayer), (3) The Zakat (Alms), (4) The Sawm (Fast-
ing), (5) The Hajj (Pilgrimage).
3. Hinduism
Many of the important Hindu scriptures originated from the Punjab region. Below, learn about the Hindu religion.
Hinduism, dating from around 1500 BC, is the oldest living religion with over half a billion followers. Hinduism,
which comes in many forms of a religion, is also a way of life.The Vedas are the sacred scriptures of Hinduism.
The four basic Vedic books are the Rig-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, the Sama-Veda, and the Atharva-Veda. Each of the
Vedic books is divided into four parts. Each contains a section of hymns to the gods (Mantras), a section of ri-
tual materials (Brahmanas), a section of guidance for hermits (Aranyakas), and a fourth section of philosophical
treatises (Upanishads). The Mantra and Brahmana sections are the oldest materials with the Aranyakas and
Upanishads added later.The fourteen principal Upanishads form the basis of Hindu philosophy. They assume there
is one reality, the impersonal god-being called Brahman. All things and beings are an expression of Brahman.
Everything in the world and experience which is not Brahman is illusion (maya). All phenomenal existence (pleasure,
worldly success, wealth) is illusion arising from ignorance of the true nature of reality. Those who continue in
this ignorance are bound to life by the law of karma which keeps them endlessly in the cycle of birth, life, death,
and rebirth.A lot of Hindu though has been adopted by other famous figures and religions around the world. Hindu-
ism, the world's oldest religion, is still practiced by many people.

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