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loss of body weight

Manultrition is one of the
complications and
consequences of HIV/AIDs.
Weight loss is often one of
the earliest clinical sign of
the illness. Wasting if
defined as a weight loss of
greater than 10% of one's
usual body weight over a
period of two months.
In people with HIV/AIDs the
daily requirements for
energy and protein as well
as vitamins and minerals
(so-called micronutrients)
may be increased or may
not be met by dietary
intake. In such people it
then becomes very difficult
to maintain body weight or
to compensate for severe
weight loss.
Some of the reasons which
are thought to be
responsible for an
inadequate intake of
nutrients in people with
HIV/AIDs include lack of
appetite, difficulty in
chewing and swallowing,
indigestion and
malabsorption (when
ingested nutrients are not
absorbed by the body),side
effect of medication and
recurrent infections. These
problems also contribute to
wasting,diarrhoca and
predisposition to more
frequent infections, all of
which predispose people
with HIV/AIDs to protein
Energy Malnutrition (PEM)
and are potentially deadly
to people with HIV/AIDs.
Protein Energy Malnutrition
(PEM) is the end result of an
adequate and unbalanced
dietary intake of energy
and protein to meet daily
requirements. Protein
Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is
characterized by severe
tissue wasting, excessive
loss of lean body mass
(muscle) and fat
stores,dehydration and
weight loss.

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