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Medicinal plant
Chironji, Indian medicinal plant is a
sort of nut and is commonly used
in ayurveda.
The Indian medicinal plant Chironji
carries the botanical name,
Buchanania latifolia Roxb. This
herb is also known as ` charoli` in
India. It is basically a common
Indian medicinal plant and is a
type of nut used in making deserts.
Chironji is an evergreen tree witha
straight, cylindrical trunk. This tree
can be up to 15 metre tall with
rough, dark grey bark. Branches
are densely covered at the young
stage of the tree. Leaves are thick
like leather and tough but pliable,
pubescent beneath, broadly
oblong, obtuse, with rounded
base. Flowers are small, greenish-
white in colour, stay in axillary and
terminal panicles. Fruits (drupes)
are ovoidor globose, black, 8-12
mm in diameter and hard like
stones. The flowers blossom
generally from January to February
and bear fruits from April to May.
Thetrees become leafless for a
short time during the dry season
of April to June in central Indian
deciduous forests.
The Indian medicinal plant, chironji
tree is commonly found in dry
deciduous forests throughout
India, up to an altitude of 900
The edible seed kernels of
chironjicontain a pleasant, slightly
acidic flavour, and are eaten raw
or roasted. An ointment made
from the kernels is used to relieve
itchand prickly heat, and also to
remove facial blemishes. The seed
oil is considered as a substitute for
almond oil in traditional medicinal
preparations and is often used to
reduce glandular swellings of the
neck. The gum oozed from the cut
bark is used to treat diarrhoea.
This gum is mixed with goat`s milk
for effective and curative results in
intercostal pains. The tribal
inhabitants of southern Bihar
blend the powder of the stem bark
and Syzygium cumini (Mvrtaceae)
together and the powder is given
to treat infantile diarrhoea. To treat
rheumatic pains, the inhabitants of
Andhra Pradesh consume a blend
of the gum dissolved in cow`s milk.
The leaves of Chironji are
reportedly valued for their tonic
and cardiotonic properties. The
powder of the leaves is considered
to be a common medicine to
promote the healing of wounds.
The roots and leaves are often
battered and mixed with
buttermilk and this mixture is
reportedly known as a treatment
for diarrhoea.
(The Article Taken From)

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