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3 Past simple

Past Simple

3 Past simple
3.1 Form

TO BE
*Affirmative:
-I, She, He,It was.
-You, They, We were.

*Interrogative:
-Was I, He, It?
-Were You, They, We?

*Negative:
-I, She, He, It was not/I, She, He, It wasn't.
-You, They, We were not/You, They, We weren't.

OTHER VERBS
Apart from the verb TO BE, verbs in the past simple are the same for all persons.
Regular verbs are formed with the simple form of the verb (verb stem) plus ED.

*Affirmative:
-I worked.

*Interrogative:
-Did I work?

*Negative:
-I did not work/I didn't work.

Many of the most commonly used verbs are irregular such as MADE, TOOK, HAD, SAW etc.

NOTE:
1. Verbs ending -E, drop the -E.
Example: Lived.

2. Verbs ending in a consonant plus Y, the -Y changes to -I.
Example: Carried.

3. One-syllable verbs ending in vowel plus consonant, double the final consonant. But exceptions to this are verbs ending -Y, -W or -X.
Examples: Shopped, Played.

4. If a verb consists of two or more syllables ending in vowel plus consonant, the final consonant is doubled only if the final syllable is stressed. An exception to this in BRITISH ENGLISH is that we always double an L at the end of a verb, even if the syllable isn't stressed.
Example: Travelled.

3.2 Use
It expresses events or actions which happened at a specified or understood time in the past.
-I played basketball yesterday.
-Son-b Muhocha was leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States Of Moz (United States of American "Martin Luther King").


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