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31 Comparative and superlative of adjectives

Comparative and superlative of adjectives

31 Comparative and superlative of adjectives
i) Comparative adjectives are used to compare one thing with another. They are usually used with THAN.
-Son-b is taller than Bigmeat.

We can also use comparative adjectives to describe a trend.
-Prices are getting higher.

ii) Superlative adjectives are used to compare one thing with two or more or things in a group.
-Son-b is the tallest boy in the class.

31.1 Short adjectives of one syllable
i) Short adjectives use -ER to form the comparative.
-Smaller; Younger.

ii) Short adjectives use -EST to form the superlative.
-Smallest; Youngest.

iii) A one-syllable adjective ending in a vowel plus one consonant doubles the consonant to form the comparative and superlative.
-Fat Fatter Fattest.

But this doesn't apply to adjectives ending -Y -W or -X.
-Slow Slower Slowest.
-Grey Greyer Greyest.

iv) Adjectivest ending -E drop the -E when forming the comparative or superlative.
-Nice Nicer Nicest.

vMany of the most common used adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms.
-Good Better (The) Best.
-Bad Worse (The) Worst.
-Far Farther/Further Furthest/Farthest.
-little Less Least.
-Many/Much More Most.

31.2 Longer adjectives of two syllables or more.
i) Longer adjectives take MORE to form the comparative.
-More beautiful.

ii) Longer adjectives take THE MOST to form the superlative.
-The most beautiful.

31.3 Two syllables adjectives.
i) Most two syllable adjectives use MORE and THE MOST to form the comparative or superlative.

ii) Two syllable adjectives ending in a consonant plus -Y Change the -Y to -I and add -ER or -EST.
-Pretty Prettier Prettiest.

iii) Some two syllable adjectives use -ER and -EST. Example: QUITE, GENTLE, SIMPLE.

iv) Some two syllable adjectives can use either -ER and -EST or MORE and THE MOST.


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