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2 Present continuous

Present continuous

2 Present continuous
2.1 Form
It's formed with the verb TO BE and the -ING form of the verb. (the verb stem ING).

-I am/I'm working.

-Am I working?

-I am not working/I'm not working.

Many verbs which end in a consonant, double the final consonant to form the -ING form.
Examples: Sitting.

Not all verbs with a final consonant do this. WHAT ARE THE RULES?

* A one-syllable verb ending in vowel plus consonant, the final consonant is doubled. But exceptions to this are verbs ending -Y, -W or -X.
Examples: Sitting, Shopping, Knowing, Playing.

*If a verb consists of two or more syllables ending in vowel plus consonant, the final consonant is doubled only if the final syllable is stressed. An exception to this in BRITISH ENGLISH is that we always double an L at the end of a verb, even if the syllable isn't stressed.
Examples: Visiting but forgetting, travelling.

*Normally if a verb ends -E we drop the -E in the -ING form, except in cases where the verb ends -EE.
Examples: Living, Seeing.

*If a verb ends -IE, it changes to -Y in the -ING form.
Example: Dying.

2.2 Use
i) It expresses something in progress at the moment of speaking.
-Son-b is playing football at the moment.

ii) It expresses a present, temporary state.
-We are living with my grandparents until our new house is finished.

iii) It expresses current trends or developments.
-Prices are increasing rapidly.

iv) It expresses future events (See note 10.) Clique aqui

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