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26 Quantifiers

Quantifiers

26 Quantifiers
26.1 SOME/ANY
i) SOME and ANY both express an indefinite quantity. They can be used directly before a noun.

ii) SOME is normally used only in affirmative sentences.
-There are some people waiting to see you.

iii) SOME is used in questions when we want to encourage someone to reply in the affirmative, for example in offers.
-Would you like some tea?

iv) ANY is normally used only in negative statements and in questions.
-There isn't any sugar in this tea.
-Are there any mangoes on the tree?

v) ANY can be used in affirmative statements to imply it doesn't matter which.
-You can visit us any time you like.

26.2 NO/NONE
i) NO can be used directly before a noun. It's used with singular and plural countable nouns and with uncountable nouns.
-There is no pen on the desk.-There are no pens on the desk.
-There is no water in the jug.

ii) NONE is a pronoun and stands alone, without a noun.
-Is there any money left?
-No, there is none.
-Are there any books in that cupboard?
-No, there are none.

iii) NONE OF is used before MY, THIS, THE and object pronouns such as US, THEM, YOU.
-None of us is tall.
-None of the students in my class are tall.

26.3 MUCH/MANY/A LOT OF, A LITTLE/A FEW
i) MUCH, A LITTLE and LITTLE are used with uncountable nouns.
>MANY, A FEW and FEW are used with uncountable nouns.
>A LOT OF is used with both countable and uncountable nouns.
-Much milk.
-Many trees.
-A little milk.
-A few trees.
-A lot of milk.
-A lot of trees.

ii) MUCH and MANY are normally used in questions and negative statements.
-How much money have we got?
-There aren't many students in school today.

iii) A LOT (OF) is normally used in affirmative statements.
-I eat a lot of fish.

iv) MUCH and MANY are used in affirmative statements after TOO, AS, SO and VERY.
-Don't eat too much.
-There are as many people in my family as yours.

v) A LITTLE and FEW are more positive than LITTLE and FEW.
-What have you got to eat?
-There is a little fish and a few potatoes. (= not a lot of fish or potatoes but enough to eat).

vi) LITTLE and FEW are usually used with VERY or ONLY A.
-Have we got any rice?
-Very little. (= not enough).
-Have we got any rice?
-Very a little. (= not enough).


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