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sphinx - Building

Archeology Sites

Angkor Wat,
A temple built in the
12th century, Angkor
Wat (meaning “capital
monastery”) was a
temple in the ancient
Khmer capital city of
Angkor. It is Cambodia’s
best-known tourist
attraction and appears
on the country’s flag.
The temple is known
for its beautiful
architecture and reliefs.
King Tutankhamun’s
Tomb, Egypt
Tutankhamun was one
of ancient Egypt’s minor
kings, but his tomb is
very famous. When
Howard Carter
discovered the tomb in
1922, it was almost
completely undisturbed
—and filled with
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu was built
high in the Andes
mountains by the Inca
in the 15th century. Its
exact purpose is
unknown. It has been
designated one of the
New Seven Wonders of
the World and is
threatened by over-
Stonehenge, England
The entire Stonehenge
site was constructed
over thousands of
years. The reason for
building the monument
and the construction
techniques are still a
Terra-cotta Warriors,
The famous army of
terra-cotta soldiers
were created to protect
Qin Shi Huang, the first
emperor of China, in the
third century B.C. The
statues are life-size
and were even given
individual features.
Pompeii, Italy
When Mount Vesuvius
erupted in 79 A.D.,
Pompeii was buried
under many layers of
ash, preserving the city
exactly as it was when
the volcano erupted.
Because so many
objects were
archaeologists are able
to better understand
daily life in the ancient
Roman Empire.
Teotihuacan, Mexico
The mysterious city of
Teotihuacan, laid out in
a grid, had been built
and abandoned before
the Aztec settled in
central Mexico. The
Aztec named the site
and guessed about the
purposes of the
buildings, but
archaeologists are only
now beginning to
understand the
importance of the
temples here.
Petra, Jordan
Unknown to
Westerners until its
discovery by Johann
Ludwig Burckhardt in
1812, Petra was a
caravan crossroads and
the capital of the
Nabataean kingdom
2000 years ago. Today,
more tourists are
visiting the site, making
preservation more
Moai Statues of
Easter Island, Chile
The massive statues
of Easter Island, called
moai, were carved
between 1400 and 1600
A.D. out of compressed
volcanic ash. Many of
these statues are still
standing at different
sites around the island.
Nazca Lines, Peru
The Nazca lines are
giant drawings in Peru’s
Nazca Desert. The
drawings can be seen
clearly from the sky,
but not from the
ground. The lines may
have religious
significance according to
some theories. The
drawings depict many
different things such as
humans and different
kinds of animals.

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