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archaeologist at work - Man
archaeology0.peperonity.net

The Process of Archaeology: Fieldwork

Archaeologists explore
sites and recover
information through
fieldwork, including
survey and excavation.
All excavation is
destruction, so
archaeologists must be
careful to record as
much information as
possible while they are
digging so the site can
be "reconstructed" in
the lab. This
information about the
site records the context
of the materials
recovered, where each
item was found in
relation to other
materials, and what
kinds of situations
were represented-such
as a storage pit, a
fireplace, or a house
floor. Such information
will include many maps,
descriptions of each
feature and unit, the
soil color and texture,
photographs, and forms
that systematically
document the process
of excavation.
Fieldwork, including
excavating a site, is
just one step in
recovering information
about the past. After
coming in from the field,
the lab work, analysis
and interpretation are
undertaken to learn
about the materials
recovered during the
excavation. This
research will help to
answer the questions
identified during the
first phase of the
project—the research
design.


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