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Arsenal History(Details)

Full name

Arsenal Football Club

Nickname(s)
The Gunners

Founded
1886 as Dial Square
Ground
Emirates Stadium
(Capacity: 60,361)

Owner
Arsenal Holdings plc

Chairman
Peter Hill-Wood

Manager
Arsène Wenger

League
Premier League
2010–11
Premier League, 4th.

Arsenal Football Club is a
professional English Premier
League football club based in
North London. One of the most
successful clubs in English
football, it has won 13 First
Division and Premier League
titles and 10 FA Cups. Arsenal
holds the record for the longest
uninterrupted period in the
English top flight and is the only
side to have completed a
Premier League season
unbeaten. Arsenal was founded in
1886 in Woolwich and in 1893
became the first club from the
south of England to jointhe
Football League.

In 1913, it moved north across
the city toArsenal Stadium in
Highbury. In the 1930s the club
won five League Championship
titles and two FA Cups. After a
lean period in the post-war years
it won theLeague and FA Cup
Double, in the 1970–71 season,
and in the 1990s and first
decade of the 21st century won
two more Doubles and reached
the2006 UEFA Champions League
Final
. Arsenal has a long-standing
rivalry with neighbours
Tottenham Hotspur, with whom
it contests the North London
derby. Arsenal is the third most
valuable association football club
in the world as of 2010, valued at
$1.2 billion.

Arsenal Football Club started out
as Dial Square in 1886 by workers
at theRoyal Arsenal in Woolwich,
south-east London, and was
renamed Royal Arsenal shortly
afterwards. The club was
renamed again to Woolwich
Arsenal after becoming alimited
company in 1893. The club
became the first southern
member ofthe Football League
in 1893, starting out in the
Second Division, and won
promotion to the First Division in
1904. The club's relative
geographic isolation resulted in
lower attendances than those of
other clubs, which led to the club
becoming mired in financial
problems and effectively
bankrupt by 1910, when they
were taken over by businessmen
Henry Norris and William Hall. Norris sought to move the club
elsewhere, and in 1913, soon
after relegation back to the
Second Division, Arsenal moved
to the newArsenal Stadium in
Highbury, North London; they
dropped "Woolwich" from their
name the following year. Arsenal only finished in fifth
place in 1919, but were
nevertheless elected to rejoin
the First Division at the expense
of local rivalsTottenham
Hotspur, by reportedly dubious
means.

Arsenal appointed Herbert
Chapman as manager in 1925.
Having already won the league
twice with Huddersfield Town in
1923–24 and 1924–25 ,Chapman brought Arsenal their
first period of major success.
His revolutionary tactics and
training, along with the signings
of star players such as Alex
James and Cliff Bastin, laid the
foundations of the club's
domination of English football in
the 1930s. Under his guidance
Arsenal won their first major
trophies – victory in the1930 FA
Cup Final preceded two League
Championships, in 1930–31 and
1932–33. In addition, Chapman
was behind the 1932 renaming of
the localLondon Underground
station from "Gillespie Road" to
"Arsenal", making it the only Tube
station to be named specifically
after a football club.

Chapman died suddenly of
pneumonia in early 1934, leaving
Joe Shaw and George Allison to
carry on his successful work.
Under their guidance, Arsenal
won three more titles, in 1933–
34, 1934–35 and 1937–38, and
the1936 FA Cup. As key players
retired, Arsenal had started to
fade by the decade's end, and
then the intervention of the
Second World War meant
competitive professional football
in England was suspended.
After the war, Arsenal enjoyed a
second period of success under
Allison's successorTom
Whittaker, winning the league in
1947–48 and 1952–53, and the
FA Cup in 1950. Their fortunes
waned thereafter; unable to
attract players of the same
calibre as they had in the 1930s,
the club spent most of the
1950s and 1960s in trophyless
mediocrity. Even formerEngland
captain Billy Wright could not
bring the club any success as
manager, in a stint between
1962 and 1966.

Arsenal began winning silverware
again with the surprise
appointment of club
physiotherapist Bertie Mee as
manager in 1966. After losing
two League Cup finals, they won
their first European trophy, the
1969–70 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
This was followed by an even
greater triumph: their first
League and FA Cup double in
1970–71. This marked a
premature high point of the
decade; the Double-winning side
was soon broken up and the
following decade was
characterised by a series of
near misses. Arsenal finished as
First Division runners-up in 1972–
73, lost three FA Cup finals, in
1972, 1978 and 1980, and lost
the1980 Cup Winners' Cup final
on penalties. The club's only
success during this time was a
last-minute 3–2 victory over
Manchester United in the 1979 FA
Cup Final, widely regarded as a
classic.

The return of former player
George Graham as manager in
1986 brought a third period of
glory. Arsenal won the League
Cup in 1986–87, Graham's first
season in charge. This was
followed by a League title win in
1988–89, won with a last-minute
goal in the final game of the
season against fellow title
challengers Liverpool. Graham's
Arsenal won another title in
1990–91, losing only one match,
won the FA Cup and League Cup
double in 1993, and a second
European trophy, theCup
Winners' Cup, in 1994.
Graham's reputation was
tarnished when he was found to
have taken kickbacks from
agentRune Hauge for signing
certain players, and he was
dismissed in 1995. His
replacement,Bruce Rioch, lasted
for only one season, leaving the
club after a dispute with the
board of directors.

The club's success in the late
1990s and first decade of the
21st century owed a great deal
to the 1996 appointment of
Arsène Wenger as manager.
Wenger brought new tactics, a
new training regime and several
foreign players who
complemented the existing
English talent. Arsenal won a
second League and Cup double in
1997–98 and a third in 2001–02.
In addition, the club reached the
final of the1999–2000 UEFA Cup
(losing on penalties to
Galatasaray), were victorious in
the 2003 and 2005 FA Cups, and
won the Premier League in 2003–
04 without losing a single match,
an achievement which earned
the side the nickname "The
Invincibles". The club went 49
league matches unbeaten in that
season, a national record. Arsenal finished in either first or
second place in the league in
eight of Wenger's first eleven
seasons at the club, although on
no occasion were they able to
retain the title. As of March
2011, they were one of only four
teams, the others being
Manchester United,Blackburn
Rovers and Chelsea, to have won
the Premier League since its
formation in 1992. Arsenal
had never progressed beyond
the quarter-finals of the
Champions League until 2005–06;
in that season they became the
first club from London in the
competition's fifty-year history
to reachthe final, in which they
were beaten 2–1 by Barcelona.

In July 2006, they moved into
the Emirates Stadium, after 93
years at Highbury. Arsenal reached the final of the
2007 and 2011 League Cup final,
losing 2-1 to Chelsea and
Birmingham City repsectively.
The club has not gained a major
trophy since the 2005 FA Cup.

The beginning of 2012-13 season saw rumours about the possible departure of star player Robin van Persie, since on 4 July 2012 he announced he wouldn't renew his contract with the club.
To this situation Arsène Wenger
signed strikers Olivier Giroud
from Montpellier and Lukas
Podolski from Koln. When van
Persie's transfer to rivals
Manchester United was effective, Wenger also purchased Spanish winger Santi Cazorla. Arsenal were eliminated in the Round of
16 of the 2013 UEFA Champions League 3-3 on away goals against eventual champions Bayern Munich.


Despite being knocked out of
the Champions League, Arsenal
had a very strong finish to their
domestic campaign. After losing
the North London Derby, 3-1 to Tottenham on March 13, Arsenal collected, 26 points over their 10 games. Including a 1-1 draw with Manchester United, and relegating the newly crowned FA Cup winners Wigan Athletic with a 4-1 victory. Arsenal secured
fourth place in the Premier
League and a Champions League Qualifying spot with a 1-0 nil over Newcastle United. With win came some controversy, as at
half-time of the Tottenham,
Sunderland game. It was wrongly reported that Newcastle had tied the game. Much to the dismay of
Tottenham supporters, when
despite their win against
Sunderland. Arsenal still finished above them with their win.

Half-way through the summer
transfer season the club had a
protracted saga with possible
signing of Liverpool striker Luis
Suarez. The club believed that a bid above 50 million would
trigger a release clause. This
information was not correct and Suarez remained under contract with Liverpool. In the chase for Suarez, the club was thought to be close to signing Gonzolo Higuan from Real Madrid, who ended up going to Italian side SSC Napoli.
...


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