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8. Fundamental principles.
9[(1) The principles of absolute trust and faith in the Almighty Allah, nationalism, democracy and socialism meaning economic and social justice, together with the principles derived from them as set out in this Part, shall constitute the fundamental principles of state policy.

(1A). Absolute trust and faith in the Almighty Allah shall be the basis of all actions.]

(2) The principles set out in this Part shall be fundamental to the governance of Bangladesh, shall be applied by the State in the making of laws, shall be a guide to the interpretation of the Constitution and of the other laws of Bangladesh, and shall form the basis of the work of the State and of its citizens, but shall not be judicially enforceable.

10[9. Promotion of local Government institutions.
The State shall encourage local Government institutions composed of representatives of the areas concerned and in such institutions special representation shall be given, as far as possible, to peasants, workers and women.

10. Participation of women in national life.
Steps shall be taken to ensure participation of women in all spheres of national life.] Participation of women in national life.]

11. Democracy and human rights.
The Republic shall be a democracy in which fundamental human rights and freedoms and respect for the dignity and worth of the human person shall be guaranteed 11* * * 12[, and in which effective participation by the people through their elected representatives in administration at all levels shall be ensured].

12. [Omitted]
13* * * * * *

13. Principles of ownership.
The people shall own or control the instruments and means of production and distribution, and with this end in view ownership shall assume the following forms-

1. state ownership, that is ownership by the State on behalf of the people through the creation of an efficient and dynamic nationalised public sector embracing the key sectors of the economy;
2. co-operative ownership, that is ownership by co-operatives on behalf of their members within such limits as may be prescribed by law; and
3. private ownership, that is ownership by individuals within such limits as may be prescribed by law.

14. Emancipation of peasants and workers.
It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the State to emancipate the toiling masses the peasants and workers and backward sections of the people from all forms and exploitation.

15. Provision of basic necessities.
It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the State to attain, through planned economic growth, a constant increase of productive forces and a steady improvement in the material and cultural standard of living of the people, with a view to securing to its citizens-

1. the provision of the basic necessities of life, including food, clothing, shelter, education and medical care;
2. the right to work, that is the right to guaranteed employment at a reasonable wage having regard to the quantity and quality of work;
3. the right to reasonable rest, recreation and leisure; and
4. the right to social security, that is to say to public assistance in cases of undeserved want arising from unemployment, illness or disablement, or suffered by widows or orphans or in old age, or in other such cases.


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