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109["judge" means a judge of a division of the Supreme Court;]

"judicial service" means a service comprising person holding judicial posts not being posts superior to that of a district judge;

"law" means any Act, ordinance, order rule, regulation, bye-law, notification or other legal instrument, and any custom or usage, having the force of law in Bangladesh;

"Parliament" means the Parliament for Bangladesh established by article 65;

"Part" means a Part of this Constitution;

"pension" means a pension, whether contributory or not, of any kind whatsover payable to or in respect of any person, and includes retired pay or gratuity so payable by way of the return or any addition thereto of subscriptions to a provident fund;

"political party" includes a group or combination of persons who operate within or outside Parliament under a distinctive name and who hold themselves out for the purpose of propagating a political opinion or engaging in any other political activity;

"the President" means the President of Bangladesh elected under this Constitution or any person for the time being acting in that office;

"property" includes property of every description movable or immovable corporeal or incorporeal, and commercial and industrial undertakings, and any right or interest in any such property or undertaking;

"public notification" means a notification in the Bangladesh Gazette.

"public officer" means person holding or acting in any office of emolument in the service of the Republic;

"the Republic" means the People's Republic of Bangladesh;

"Schedule" means a schedule to this Constitution;

"securities" includes stock;

"the service of the Republic" means any service, post or office whether in a civil or military capacity, in respect of the Government of Bangladesh, and any other service declared by law to be a service of the Republic;

"session", in relation to Parliament, means the sittings of Parliament commencing when it first meets after the commencement of this Constitution or after a prorogation or dissolution of Parliament and terminating when Parliament is prorogued or dissolved;

"sitting" in relation to Parliament, means a period during which Parliament is sitting continuously without adjournment;

"the Speaker" means the person for the time being holding the office of Speaker pursuant to article 74;

"the State" includes Parliament, the Government and statutory public authorities;

"statutory public authority" means any authority, corporation or body the activities or the principal activities of which are authorised by any Act, ordinance, order or instrument having the force of law in Bangladesh;

"sub-clause" means a sub-clause of the clause in which the expression occurs;

110["the Supreme Court" means the Supreme Court of Bangladesh constituted by article 94;]

"taxation" includes the imposition of any tax, rate, duty or impost, whether general, local or special, and "tax" shall be construed accordingly [;]111

112* * * * * *

(2) The General Clauses Act, 1897 shall apply in relation to-

(a) this Constitution as it applies in relation to an Act of Parliament;
(b) any enactment repealed by this Constitution, or which by virtue thereof becomes void or ceases to have effect, as it applies in relation to any enactment repealed by Act of Parliament.

153. Commencement, citation and authenticity
(1) This Constitution may be cited as the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and shall come into force on the sixteenth day of December, 1972, in this Constitution referred to as the commencement of this Constitution.

(2) There shall be an authentic text of this Constitution in Bengali, and an authentic text of an authorised translation in English, both of which shall be certified as such by the Speaker of the Constituent Assembly.

(3) A text certified in accordance with clause (2) shall be conclusive evidence of the provisions of this Constitution:

Provided that in the event of conflict between the Bengali and the English text, the Bengali text shall prevail.

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