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>> History of Belgrade <<

Belgrade, a city of very tumultuous history, is one of the oldest in Europe. Its history lasts full 7,000 years. The area around the big rivers Sava and Danube has been inhabited since the Paleolithic period. From the Old Stone Age, came the remains of human bones and skulls of Neanderthals, found in a quarry near Leštane, in a cave in Čukarica and near Bajloni market. The remains of late Stone Age culture, were found in Vinca, Zarkovo and in the upper part, above the Sava and Danube. This indicates that the area of Belgrade was continually inhabited and that the increased intensity of the settlement. Many of today's settlements in Belgrade surroundings lie on cultural layers of earlier prehistoric settlements.

Vinca - Belo Brdo near Belgrade is one of the most important settlements and cultural sites of the prehistoric period. Archaeological excavations at Rospi Bridge, Upper Town, Kara, Zemun and Vinca confirm the assumption that the Belgrade area was extensively settled and that its population engaged in agriculture and other pulmonary accompanying economic activities. At this locality the necropolis of the Bronze and the Iron Age as well as evidence of different cultural influences.
Periods

7000th BC First Neolithic settlement

end of the first century BC, the Romans settled Singidunum

91st Singidunum was a Roman military camp from the IV Flavian Legion

441st The Huns destroyed Belgrade

after the 450th Singidunum ruled Sarmatians

around the 470th Eastern Goths expelled the Sarmatians from the city

488th Gepids won Singidunum

504th The Goths occupied the city

510th Peace treaty went to the city of Byzantium

535th The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I renews Singidunum

584th The Avars conquered and destroyed the ancient Singidunum

592nd The Byzantine Empire regained the town

VII century The Avars destroyed and burnt down the city

around 630 Slavs conquered Singidunum

827th Bulgarians take over the fort

878th The first written mention of the names of the Slavic name Belgrade in a letter to Bulgarian Prince Boris Mihail

896th The Hungarian army attacked Belgrade

971st Byzantium conquered Belgrade

after the 976th City takes over the car Samuel

1018th Emperor Basil II destroys Samuil's empire and Belgrade once again became a Byzantine

1072nd Byzantium took over Belgrade

1096th The Hungarian army destroyed Belgrade, but was kept by Byzantium

1096th - 1189th Crusaders pass through Belgrade military

1127th Hungarian king Stephan II destroys Belgrade and Zemun built his stone

1154th The Byzantine emperor Manuel I destroys Zemun and Belgrade stone rebuilds Belgrade

1182nd Hungary attacked and robbed Belgrade

1185th The Byzantine Empire regained Belgrade by diplomatic means

1230th Part of Bulgaria in Belgrade

1232nd City went to Hungary

1284th Serbian king Dragutin receives Belgrade from Hungarian Crown, which was the first time it came under Serbian rule

1316th Dragutin's brother Milutin weapons wins Belgrade

1319th Hungarians deprive King Milutin rule over Belgrade

1382nd Opponents of the Hungarian Crown, Horvat brothers, conquer Belgrade

1386th Hungary regained Belgrade

15th century

1403rd Under Despot Stefan Lazarevic, Belgrade became the capital of medieval Serbia

1427th Hungarians take Belgrade from Despot George Brankovic

1440th Turkey attacks Belgrade, but the city, with great destruction, defended

1456th Sultan Mehmed II unsuccessfully besieges the city

16th century

1521st Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent conquers Belgrade

17th century

1688th Duke Maximilian of Bavaria conquers Belgrade

1690th Belgrade falls again under Turkish rule

18th century

1717th Prince Eugene of Savoy occupies Belgrade

1723rd - 1736th Construction of Belgrade fortress by the plans of Colonel Nicholas de Mores Doksat

1739th Belgrade peace was concluded between Austria and Turkey, according to which the town belongs to the Turks again

1789th Marshal Gideon Ernst Laudon conquers Belgrade

1791st Svištovskim Belgrade peace comes again to the Turks

19th century

1806th Karađorđe released Belgrade town and Belgrade once again became the capital of Serbia

1808th Opening of the Great School in Belgrade

1813th The Turks again occupied Belgrade

1815th Milos Obrenovic started the Second Serbian Uprising

1830th Sultan's edict on the autonomy of Serbia

1831st Started working on the first printing press in Belgrade

1835th They appear first newspaper in Belgrade entitled "Newspapers srbske"

1840th The first post office opened in

1841st Belgrade became the capital of the Principality of Serbia during the first rule of Mihailo Obrenovic

1844th Founded the National Museum in Belgrade

1855th Established the first telegraph line Belgrade - Aleksinac

1862nd The conflict in Čukur-taps and the bombing of Belgrade town from the fortress held by the Turks leading up to the international decision to leave the Turkish city.

1867th Turkish commander of Belgrade Ali-Riza Pasha to surrender the keys to Prince Mihailo on Kalemegdan in Belgrade city center. The Turks finally leave Belgrade

1876th At the beginning of the Serbian-Turkish war, the fort was finally removed the flag of Turkey

1878th At the Berlin Congress recognized the independence of Serbia

1882nd Serbia became a kingdom and its capital, Belgrade

1883rd Introduced the first telephone line in Belgrade

1884th Built railway station and railway bridge on the Sava

1892nd Put into operation the first water supply network in

1893rd Introduction of electric lighting

1894th He started the first electric tram

20th century


1914th The Austrians bombard and occupy Belgrade, but the Serbs after three days defends

1915th German and Austrian troops under the command of Field Marshal Mackensen seized Belgrade

1918th The Serbs and parts of the allied forces liberated Belgrade

1918th Belgrade became the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

1923rd Air route Paris - Budapest extended to Belgrade

1927th Open building Belgrade Airport

1929th Started in Radio Belgrade Aleksandar Karadjordjevic abolished the Constitution and recorded a personal regime. In all municipalities, including in Belgrade elected municipal bodies by replacing the king appointed mayors.

1934th Built most "of the Knights of King Alexander," known as "Tram" bridge over the Sava River. The war has destroyed the chain bridge and its piers built today, "Branko's Bridge".

1935th Opened for traffic in the first bridge across the Danube - Pancevo bridge

1937th Open Belgrade Fair

1941st 27th March a large demonstration against joining the Tripartite Pact the Germans bombed Belgrade 6 April 12th and occupied 8 April. See the bombardment of Belgrade in World War II.

1944th Americans and other allies bomb Belgrade 20 October NOPA Belgrade liberated fighters backed by the Soviet Red Army. In the territory of Serbia (including Belgrade) was made general mobilization for the Srem front breakthrough. The new communist government arrests and liquidates political opponents.

1958th It started regular broadcasting TV Belgrade

1961st The First Conference of Nonaligned Countries

1967th The First BITEF

1968th The student demonstrations

1969th Raised Palace "Beograd"

1971st Built Gazelle bridge and highway through Belgrade FEST held the first

1977th - 1978. Conference on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) Belgrade

1979th Annual Meeting of the World Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund

1980th Held XXI General Assembly of UNESCO

1983rd Annual conference of UNCTAD

1995th Open an underground railway station Vukov Monument

1999th The bombing of Yugoslavia by NATO as targets in downtown Belgrade, the RTS building, heating plant in Novi Beograd, the Chinese Embassy, ​​etc.

21st century


2000th Demonstrations in front of the building fifth October

2003rd Adopted the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro 4th February, Belgrade remains the capital; 12th March assassinated Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic

2006th Declaration of independence of Montenegro after the referendum, Belgrade remains the capital of Serbia

2008th Protest against Kosovo independence

2011th Built a new bridge over the Sava - Most of Ada


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