Welcome, guest. You are not logged in.
Log in or join for free!
Stay logged in
Forgot login details?

Stay logged in

For free!
Get started!

Text page


According to the 2002 Census, Slovenia has a population of 1,964,036. This shows an increase of 2.6% since the 1991 Census, the result of immigration from abroad and legalisation on the residence of former Yugoslav citizens who were living in Slovenia during the 1991 Census.

Slovenes represent approximately 83% of population (2002 census); there are also national minority communities of Italians and Hungarians. They are considered indigenous minorities, and their rights are protected under the Constitution, each having a representative in the National Assembly. Other ethnic groups include Croats, Serbs, Bosnians, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Albanians that came to Slovenia after the World War II as economic immigrants. The status and special rights of Roma communities living in Slovenia (0.17%) are determined by statute.


Population density in Slovenia is about 99 inhabitants per km2 (256/sq mi), which is much lower than in the majority of European states. Approximately 51% of the population lives in urban areas and 49% in rural areas. The larger towns are Ljubljana (the capital), Maribor, Kranj, Celje, Koper, Novo mesto, Nova Gorica, Velenje, Ptuj, Murska Sobota, Slovenj Gradec.

Slovenia’s population is slowly declining. In the past 50 years the number of births in Slovenia fell by half, while life expectancy has extended by 16 years. A boy born in 2004-2005 can expect to live until his 74th birthday, a girl until her 81st.

In the 2002 Census, Slovenia numbered some 685,000 households occupied by some 556,000 families with an average of three members. Both the average number of people per household and the number of marriages are falling, while the average age of mothers having their first child is rising – it is about 28 years. On average, Slovenian women have only 1.2 children. In contrast, the infant mortality rate is among the lowest in Europe and the world (4.3 per 1000 live births).

Between 250,000 and 400,000 Slovenes (depending on whether second and subsequent generations are counted) live outside the country, in other continents and in EU countries.

Slovenia took last place among EU countries in 2004 with 3.3 marriages per 1000 population. The highest marriage rates in Europe were in Cyprus, Denmark and Malta. The divorce rate per 1000 population is 1.3. Only in Italy and Greece was the divorce rate lower than in Slovenia.

People living in Slovenia have a good education and employment opportunities, and are well educated by all the usual indicators. The literacy rate is 99.7% of the total population.

This page:

Help/FAQ | Terms | Imprint
Home People Pictures Videos Sites Blogs Chat