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The majority of Slovenes are Roman Catholics, although there are around 40 other religious communities, spiritual groups, societies and associations registered in Slovenia. Along with the guaranteed right to preserve national identity, Slovenes have a right to their own religious beliefs. Under the Slovenian Constitution, state and religion are separate. Religious communities enjoy equal rights, and they pursue their activities freely.

Since the Constitution states that no one is obliged to declare their religious or other beliefs, there are no exact figures on numbers within various religious groups. According to the 2002 Census the figures for religious affiliation are as follows: Roman Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1%.


Slovenes have traditionally been largely Roman Catholic. Before the communist era, as many as 88% of Slovenes were Roman Catholic, while by 1991 this had fallen to around 72%, and the number of followers is still falling.

Religious communities must register with the Government Office for Religious Communities if they wish to be legal entities, and registration entitles such groups to value-added tax rebates. This office monitors the position of religious communities, maintains a register of religious communities active in Slovenia, and issues certificates of registration for the establishment and cessation of activities of religious communities.

While there are no legal restrictions on the Muslim community's freedom of worship, services are usually held in private homes for lack of a larger venue. In December 2006, Ljubljana introduced plans for a location for a mosque on city-owned land close to the city centre; both city and Muslim community leaders approved the site.

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