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Dhaka

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Dhaka
Nickname(s): City of Mosques
Coordinates: [show location on an interactive map] 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E / 23.7, 90.375
Country Bangladesh
Administrative District Dhaka District
Government
- Mayor Sadeque Hossain Khoka
Area
- City 145 km² (56 sq mi)
Population (2007 est.)[1]
- City 11,918,442
- Density 14,608/km² (37,834.5/sq mi)
- Metro 23,024,863
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Image:Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg This article contains Indic text.
Without rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes or other symbols instead of Indic characters; or irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts.

Dhaka (also known as Dacca) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. Located on the banks of the Buriganga River, Dhaka, along with its metropolitan area, has a population of 11 million, making it the largest city in Bangladesh. With its colourful history, Dhaka is known as the 'City of Mosques' and for its famous fine Muslin cloth which has a great ethnic value.[2][3][4]

Under Mughal rule in the 17th century, the city was also known as Jahangir Nagar, and was both a provincial capital and a centre of the world-wide muslin trade. The modern city, however, was developed chiefly under British rule in the 19th century, and soon became the second-largest city in Bengal after Calcutta (presently Kolkata). With the partition of India in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative capital of East Pakistan, and later, in 1972, the capital of an independent Bangladesh. During the intervening period, the city witnessed widespread turmoil; this included many impositions of martial law, the declaration of Bangladesh's independence, military suppression, devastation during war, and natural calamities.

Modern Dhaka is the centre of political, cultural and economic life in Bangladesh.[citation needed] It has both the highest literacy rate - 72.3%[5] - and the most diverse economy...


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