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Acute bronchitis is a condition that is usually ignored by people. Occasionally this condition can cause severe damage to the air passages of the lungs. Inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs (called the bronchi) and the complications related to it, collectively lead to this condition.


Bronchitis generally follows a viral infection of the lungs. Common cold can also cause bronchitis. In common cold, an infection of the respiratory tract accompanied by inflammation of the air passages of the lungs, sets the stage for bronchitis followed by bacterial infection.


The first symptom appears as a tickle, deep in the throat, that progresses into an irritating dry cough. As the infection progresses, the cough may contain thick yellow phlegm (called purulent sputum) with occasional blood streaks. Associated symptoms may include fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, sore throat and a general feeling of being unwell. Given below are the common symptoms of Acute Bronchitis:
.Dry Cough
.Chest Pain
.Shortness of breath
.Sore throat


>A physical examination will help the doctor to confirm the disease. Certain tests are carried out to determine if pneumonia has developed.

>A chest X-ray looks for inflammation of the lung tissues.

>A sputum culture test with phlegm samples are done to determine the bacteria or other micro organisms responsible for the infections.


>Steam inhalation with a few drops of eucalyptus oil will help open up blocked air passages.

>Antibiotics are used if the phlegm becomes yellow or grayish or yellowish green. Colour change of the phlegm usually indicates a bacterial infection.

>Rest and increased humidity (by using an equipment to cool the inhaled air called a cold mist humidifier) to soothe air passages, help to give relief to the condition.

>Adequate fluid intake:
one should maintain sufficient fluid intake. This will help to thin the respiratory secretions. Usually the symptoms subside within 7 to 10 days in the absence of previous lung disease.




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