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Eclampsia is a Greek word meaning 'bolt from the blue'. It is described as one or more convulsions, or seizures, occurring during or immediately after conceiving as a complication of pre-eclampsia. It is also known as toxemia with seizures.


The cause of eclampsia is not well understood. If pre-eclampsia is not controlled, it can lead to eclampsia. Usually very few cases of eclampsia are reported in India, today. An increased risk for pre-eclampsia is associated with first time pregnancies, teenage pregnancies or mothers older than 40 years, multiple pregnancies and women with a history of diabetes, hypertension or renal (kidney) disease.


-> Seizures

-> Agitation (severe)

->Unconsciousness for a variable period of time.

-> Decreased urine output

-> Headaches

->Nausea and vomiting

-> Pain in the right upper part of the abdomen.

->Shortness of breath

->Sudden weight gain over 1 to 2 days

->Swelling of the face or hands

->Visual impairment

->Possible musculoskeletal aches and pains after an event caused by trauma.


Blood pressure checkups and urine tests for protein will indicate the possibility of developing eclampsia.


As the risk of eclampsia is unpredictable and often not easily correlated to physical signs such as the degree of blood pressure or proteinuria, an anticonvulsant (seizure prevention medicine) is usually given to women in labor with hypertension. The treatment of women with pre-eclampsia is bed rest and delivery as soon as viable for the fetus.

Delivery is the treatment of choice for eclampsia in a pregnancy over 28 weeks. For pregnancies less than 24 weeks, the induction of labor is recommended, although the likelihood of a viable fetus is minimal.


Presently no known preventive methods, it is important for all pregnant women to obtain early and ongoing prenatal care. This allows for the early recognition and treatment of conditions such as pre-eclampsia. Timely treatment of pre-eclampsia may prevent eclampsia.


-.Magnesium Sulphate
-. Benzodiazepine
-. Labetalol


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