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The term Epilepsy originates from a Greek word epilepsia meaning falling sickness. True to the meaning, the patient falls after a change in the electrical discharge by the brain cells.

Epilepsy is a brain disorder causing repeated seizures or fits in the patient. This can happen to anybody without age difference. The seizures that occur in young children are called Febrile convulsions.

Certainly epilepsy is a convulsion of all parts of the body, not continuous as…tetanus, but occurring at intervals. Epilepsy is not only different in this manner from spasm but also because the intellect and sensory perception are damaged. From this it becomes evident that the origin of this ailment resides somewhere high up in the brain.


There are different causes for seizures or fits. These vary from person to person.

In some people hormone changes during pregnancy or menstruation can cause an epileptic attack. Pregnancy, lack of sleep, skipping doses of medicines, use of drugs, medications or alcohol, or illness can trigger seizures in a person with a previously well-controlled seizure disorder. Sensory stimuli such as lights, sounds and touch also can trigger a convulsion. In many cases, no trigger is found for the seizures. The amount of stimulation required to cause a seizure is called the seizure threshold. Many people with epilepsy are considered to have a low seizure threshold.


Abnormalities or injuries, tumor, inflammation or infections of brain called meningitis and encephalitis.

Family history of epilepsy or seizures:

>Congenital defects and prenatal (near the time of birth) injuries.

>Complications of Diabetes mellitus

>Kidney failure

>Nutritional deficiencies

>Use or withdrawal of alcohol or drugs

>Disorders affecting the blood vessels

>Degenerative disorders (senile dementia Alzheimer type, or similar organic brain syndromes).

>Acute severe infections in any part of the body.

>Complications of AIDS or other immune disorders.


Nonspecific symptoms or signs may occur along with the seizures. They include:

2.Changes in mood or energy level.
3.Dizziness and fainting.
4.Confusion and memory loss.
5.An aura is experienced by few patients just before a generalized seizure.



This type of epilepsy occurs mostly during childhood. It has very few or no body movement. During the episode just blinks his eye and subsequently looses awareness about his surroundings.


Violent muscle contractions affecting the whole body with loss of consciousness and frothing from the mouth are the main symptoms. The breathing stops temporarily. Tongue or cheek biting is another danger in this type of seizure.


In this type of epilepsy, muscle contractions of a specific body part and abnormal sensations occur. Feeling of nausea, sweating, skin flushing and dilation of pupils can also occur.


Sweating, skin flushing, change in personality or emotions are some of the symptoms associated with it.

=>Febrile Convulsions

Seizures or fits in young children are called Febrile Convulsions.
Usually this occurs after the child has a high temperature following a fever.

This does not cause brain damage or lead to epileptic attack when they grow up.
This stops by the child completes 6 years. Don't panic when your child has Febrile Convulsion. Seek immediate medical help.


The diagnosis of epilepsy or seizure disorders involves a history of recurrent seizures of any type. A physical examination, including a detailed neuromuscular examination, may be normal or may show focal neurologic deficits (localized abnormalities of brain functions).

An electroencephalograph (EEG), a reading of the electrical activity in the brain, usually confirms the presence of various types of seizures. It may, in some cases, indicate the location of the lesion causing the seizure.

Tests to determine the cause may include a head CT or a MRI scan. A physical examination may be used to rule out other temporary and reversible causes of seizures such as a fever, various temporary chemical imbalances, toxemia of pregnancy, withdrawal from alcohol or drugs.


The treatment of Epilepsy includes the underlying cause. Avoiding the factors triggering an attack is also important. The selection of anti-epileptic medicines depends on the type of seizure, the potential side effects and the dosage, which can be administered. Usually, drugs such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid are used according to the type of convulsions.




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