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The Pyramids of Giza:
These massive, 4,000 year old structures have intrigued people for ages. Each of them were constructed by crews of 20,000 to 30,000 men and could take up to 20 years to build! Each pyramid's construction began when a pharaoh took the throne because it had to be finished by the time that he died. These three pyramids were built for the pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkuare.
The Earliest Pyramid:
The first pyramid constructed was built for king Snefru the first in the fourth dynasty. It was built at Dashur to be an indestructible tomb to protect Snefru all throughout the afterlife.
Pyramids were built using huge blocks of quarried limestone. The earlier pyramids had the burial chambers under the pyramid, but when these tombs were easily robbed, the chambers were moved to the heart of the pyramid.

Ten Things to Know about Pyramids
If you broke the Great pyramid into slabs 30 cm thick you could build up a wall 1 metre high that would stretch all the way around France! If you had a little more time you could cut it into rods about 6cm 2 - join them together and it would be enough to reach a quarter of the way to the moon!
Some people have said that the pyramids are more than simply large graves; they were granaries or treasure houses.
All of the pyramids were probably robbed of their treasures within a couple of hundred years of the burials. The only tombs to escape until modern times were those dug into rock, not placed in pyramids. They belonged to Tutankhamun and Queen Heterpheres.
The Egyptians mummified more than their pharaohs. They also mummified the Pharaoh's pets and buried them in the pyramids to keep the dead kings company.
If you could weigh an average pyramid it would be around 5,400,000 tons. The average stone block weighs as much as 2 modern cars (2.5 tons). The largest single stone block (in the pyramid of mycerinus ) must weigh about 285 tons- that’s 200 to 250 cars.
Pyramid -builders tried to fool thieves by placing a blocking stone at the end of a passageway and plastering it in. If thieves broke through the plaster then they would come to the stone and give up. The real way into the tomb would then be through a hidden trapdoor in the ceiling.
The Egyptians didn’t have accurate measuring tape. They used fibre-cords that could shrink or stretch. Still, the greatest mistake in the Great pyramid in just 20cm on the side of 230 metres. They were even accurate in building a flat base. The Southeast corner is just one centimetre higher than the North-west corner.
The pyramids are not the most awesomely large human construction. The Great wall of China is much more awesome and the Mexican pyramid of Quetzacoatl is an even more awesome 54 metres tall and has a volume of 3.3 million cubic metres. The Great pyramid of Cheops is just 2.5 million cubic metres. But the pyramids of Egypt are the oldest stone buildings in the world.
Early tombs were flat-topped. These were called Mastabas because they looked like the mud brick seat found outside Egyptian peasant homes. Mastaba tombs were easily robbed. So someone built a slightly smaller Mastaba on top of the first one then another on top of that, then another, and they ended up with a step pyramid.
It is forbidden to climb the pyramids today. There have been to many accidents, so now you have to have special permission.

Some Awesome Ideas About the Pyramids

1. The Great Pyramid is a stone computer – if you take the lengths of the sides, and their heights and angles, you can calculate many different things. The pyramid will tell you how to work out the distance round the outside of a circle if you know the distance across it.
2. The Egyptians could use the Great Pyramid to work out the distance the Earth travels round the sun, and the speed of light.

3. The pyramid is a mathematical horoscope – you can calculate the future from it. The Institute of Pyramidology in London says the pyramid has already predicted the Crucifixion of Jesus and the First World War. It has also predicted that the world will end in the year 2979 A.D.

4. The Great Pyramid is a sign to the world how much knowledge the Egyptian priests had – and how much power. They persuaded Cheops to have it built and made him pay all the bills. Then when he died they didn't want his body inside their wonderful creation.

5. The Great Pyramid is an observatory for watching and recording the movement of the stars.

6. The Great Pyramid is a giant calendar. The Egyptians could use it to measure the length of a year to three decimal places.

7. The Great Pyramid is a sundial. The shadow fell on pavements and the pavements were marked with the day of the year and the hour of the day.

8. The Great Pyramid is a landmark. All ancient maps could use it as the starting point for drawing and measuring their charts – rather like the Greenwich Meridian is today.

9. The Great Pyramid is a perfect store for the weights and measures of the ancient world. The government needed a master set of weights to check if traders were giving proper value when they sold goods. But weights like the deben were made of copper and lost weight after a few years' wear and tear – sometimes they were even "fixed" by crooked shopkeepers.

10. The center of the pyramid is the center of tremendous forces of nature. Strange and wonderful things can happen there . . . many tourists have gone into shock or fainted when they reached the center

Awesome Things You Ought to Know About Pyramids

A pyramid was built as the huge stone tomb of a Pharaoh.
The burial chamber in the center was filled with awesome riches for the Pharaoh to take on into the afterlife.
The riches were a temptation to robbers. The pyramid builders tried to fool the thieves by making false doors, staircases and corridors.
The base of the Great Pyramid of Cheops is equal to the area of seven or eight soccer fields (754 X 754 feet).
The burial chamber inside the Great Pyramid is as large as a small modern house.
The pyramids are close to the Nile because some of the huge stones had to be carried from the quarries by boat.
The pyramids are all on the West bank of the Nile – the side on which the sun sets. This is for religious reasons.
The Pharaohs were buried with religious writings to help them in the afterlife. The earliest ones were written on the walls of the burial chambers. Later, they were written on the coffins. The last were written on papyrus and rolled up and placed in the dead man's coffin. The writings described different ways to get to the afterworld and are known as the Books of the Dead

Pyramids contained everything the King would need in the afterlife... ...including a toilet.
There are over 90 pyramids in Egypt.
The pyramids of Egypt are the oldest stone buildings in the world.
It is forbidden to climb the pyramids today. There have been too many accidents, so now you have to have special permission

The sphynx is a mythical creature that supposedly was built by the Pharaoh Khafre-Chephren

The average height of all land above sea level is given to be 455 feet and amazingly the height of Pyramid is also 454.5 feet. (without the capstone)

The lime stones used in the building of Pyramid were brought from about a distance of 500 miles because there is no evidence of limestone quarry anywhere nearer than that.

2,600,00 are estimated to be used in making of The Great Pyramid. It was built in 20 years ie. 7300 workdays. This means 365 stones were arranged daily or 30 stones every hour for 12 hours a day. It seems absolutely impossible to put and arrange accurately the stones weighing 2-70 tons in just 2 minutes even with our modern equipment.

In early spring, when the sun rises just high enough above the apex of the Great Pyramid, the whole shadow on the north face vanishes at the strike of noon.

Fresh Perspective
The Pyramid has puzzled and fascinated mankind since ages. Its history, its size, its engineering and its era have always been a mystery. But most astonishing of all is its function. Why was it built? Why was it only of that shape? How does it work?

What is the Pyramid? A message left by the Gods? The store house of earth's past and future? A mechanism for concentrating unseen psychic energies? A royal tomb? A treasure house? An astronomical observatory? What ever it is, it has always been tantalizing and dazzling to us.

There are numerous questions arising in our mind and a picture of an enormous size in our eyes as we talk about Pyramids. They have always left us baffled with their astonishing way of working, their power of preserving and their energies.

A few years ago, examining the body of an Egyptian princess Mene whose body had lain for millenia in Pyramid, researchers determined that her skin cells were still capable of life, though, the princess was dead for almost 3000 years! Amazing, Isn't it?

Since centuries the Pyramids of Egypt have been a constant inspiration for numerous exciting theories about their purpose and method of construction. Even their enigmatic hieroglyphic texts have mystified many.

Everybody from poets to artists to archeologists to travelers have had many interesting things to say about them.

But a mystery is nothing but the lack of clarity about that matter. A mystery is like a tree where our eyes can see the upper part of it but not its roots, which are present below the surface. Similarly, science has given us the outer evident fragment of the pyramids. But still the inner formula has to be found out. It is because we are too much involved in searching for materialistic evidences like what stone was used and where did they get it? In spite of being non-archeological people we are so obsessed with all these minor details, which may be of least importance to us. We have to try and see the whole concept of the Pyramids and the real formula behind their construction. We should be able to use that for our purposes and in today's life style.

The Great Pyramid at Giza is an awesome sight, thirty times larger than the Empire State Building(in mass), the Pyramid's features are so large they can be seen from the Moon. The oldest structure in existence, having been started 4,617 years ago, it is the sole remnant of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The Great Pyramid did not always look as "rough" as it does today. Originally it was encased with a layer of tight-fitting, highly polished 20-ton stone slabs.W.M. Flinders Petrie determined the exact dimensions of the sides of the Pyramids and he found that they were almost exactly the same length ...

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