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first.aid.peperonity.net

●BREATHING DIFFCLT.

BREATHING DIFFICULTIES:
===============


1. ASTHMA:
==========

What to look out for:
---------------

• Difficulty in breathing
• Rapid, shallow and noisy breaths
• Coughing and wheezing
• Tightness in the chest
• Distress
• Difficulty in speaking
• Blue lips and/or skin (in severe cases)

What to do:
-----------

1. Sit the casualty down, making sure they lean forward slightly, preferably resting on a support such as a table.

2. Most asthma suffers carry a ‘puffer’. Help them to use it (about 4 puffs).

3. If the casualty’s condition does not improve after 10 minutes, give them a further 4 puffs.

4. If there is still no improvement or if the casualty has no medication and the attack is prolonged, call an ambulance.

IMPORTANT:
-----------
If this is a first attack, the casualty should see their doctor.

---------o0o-------


2. CHOKING :
============


What to look out for:
-----------------
• Difficulty in breathing
• Blue lips and skin
• Coughing
• Inability to speak or cough (in extreme cases)
• Unconsciousness

What to do:
------------

1. Let the casualty cough. If difficulty in breathing continues, send for an ambulance.

2. Get behind casualty and put your arms around them, just above the waist, making a fist with one hand and grasping it with the other.

3. Pull sharply inwards and upwards. Repeat as necessary.

4. If the casualty becomes unconscious lie them on their back, sit astride them and place one hand on top of the other, just below their ribcage. Thrust upwards and inwards.

5. If the casualty’s breathing returns, put them in the recovery position and monitor their breathing and pulse until help arrives.

IMPORTANT:
-----------
If breathing stops begin artificial ventilation immediately.

IMPORTANT:
-----------
If the casualty is able to move or cough, don’t slap casualty on their back, as this may cause the obstruction to shift and block the airway completely.

IMPORTANT:
----------
BABIES AND SMALL CHILDREN:

Place them across your lap, face down and head low, giving them 5 sharp slaps on their back.

---------o0o-------


3. HYPERVENTILATION
==============

What to look out for:
-----------------

• Rapid, deep and noisy breathing
• Dizziness and confusion
• Tingling in their hands

What to do:
-----------

1. Reassure casualty and, if possible, take them somewhere quiet and private to help them regain control of their breathing.

2. If hyperventilation continues, get the casualty to breathe into a paper bag.

IMPORTANT:
-----------
Do not get the casualty to breathe into anything other than a paper bag.

--------o0o-------


4. INHALATION OF FUMES
===============

What to look out for:
----------------

• Difficulty in breathing
• Coughing and wheezing
• In some cases: headache, nausea, blue skin, confusion, unconsciousness

What to do:
------------

1. Send for an ambulance and, if appropriate, fire services.

2. If it is safe for you to do so, get the casualty away from danger and into the fresh air.

3. Monitor the casualty’s pulse and breathing until help arrives. Be ready to start artificial ventilation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, if necessary.


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