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What to look out for:

• Dry skin
• Rapid pulse
• Difficulty in breathing
• Strong thirst
• Need to urinate frequently
• Unconsciousness
• Nausea
• Acetone-smelling breath
• Pain in abdomen

What to do:

1. The priority is to get the casualty to hospital. Send for an ambulance immediately.

2. If the casualty becomes unconscious, put them in the recovery position and check their breathing and pulse regularly. Be ready to start artificial ventilation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, if necessary.



What to look out for:

• Faintness and weakness
• Confusion
• Pale, cold and clammy skin
• Strong, rapid pulse
• Shallow breathing
• Hunger

What to do:

1. Get the casualty to sit or lie down and give them a sugary rink such as orange juice, sweet tea or a couple of spoonfuls of sugar dissolved in a glass of water.

2. When they have recovered, give the casualty something sweet or starchy to eat and let them rest. You should also advise them to see their doctor.

If the casualty is unconscious, do not give them anything by mouth. Send for an ambulance. Put them in a recovery position and monitor their breathing and pulse. Be ready to start artificial ventilation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, if necessary.


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