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brac - Animals/Nature
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/Brac/

Brač is the biggest island of the Middle Dalmatian group of islands, third in size among Adriatic islands, surface of the island is 394,14 km2. It is separated from land by Brač channel, and from Šolta by Split gate, and from Hvar by Hvar channel.

The highest peak, Vidova Gora (778 m) is also the highest peak of all Adriatic islands. The Karst lime-stone relief with cracks, cavities, vallies and bays are characteristics of the landscape. Rains fall in the winter period of the year and winds influencing climate are: north-east winds, south winds and landward breeze which blows from the sea.

The biggest and most famous town on the island are : Pučišća, Supetar, Bol, Sutivan, Sumartin, Postire and Milna. The main agricultural product are oil, wine and fruits, and inhgabitants are also engaged in fishing, fish processing and more and more in tourism. The island is also known by quary of the famous Brač stone. The main quarries are by Pučišća and Postira.

The island was already in the Neolitic age, through the Bronze and Iron ages untill today. Thne Antic name for Brač is Brattia. During the rule of empire Diocletian the numerous querries started to be exploited. In the early Middle Ages Brač was under the rule of Byzantium, and in the 9th century it was occupied by Slavic tribe Neretljani, and then it became part of the Croatia state. In 13th century Brač was under the rule of Omiš, and in 1240 came under the rule of Split. From 1420-1797. Brač was under the Venice which recognized it the old privilages. In 16th century the new settlements were built by the sea as well as protective towers (Pučišća and Sutivan).

After the fall of Venice, Brač was under Austrian rule untill 1806., then it became the base of Russian fleet for North Adriatic and afterwards again came under the rule of Austria until 1918.



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