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korcula - Animals/Nature


Korčula is an island in the mid-Dalmatian island group, with a surface of 279.03 square kilometers, 46.8 kilometers in lenght and 5.3-7.8 kilometers in width. Klupca (568) and Kom (510) are the highest peaks on the island.

The shore is well indented, the climate mild. The island is covered in Mediterranean flora, with occasional pine forests. The population is mainly engaged in wine growing, fishing, olive growing and, more and more, in tourism. Summer-tourism on the island has a long tradition.

The small towns of Korčula, Lumbarda and Vela Luka with their numerous hotels and private accommodation are placed along the shore, while Žrnovo, Smokvica and Blato take up the inner part of the island. A roadway connects the towns, while regular shipping lines enable communication with the mainland and other islands.

The island was inhabited already in the New Stone Age (Vela spilja, Jakas cave) and the Bronze Age. Since 35 BC, Korčula was also a part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it fell into the hands of the eastern Goths, and was later taken over by the Byzantine Empire. In the 19.century, it was conquered by the inhabitants of the area around the River Neretva, and in the year 1000, by Venice. From 1420 to 1797, the island is ruled by Venice, but retains its autonomy. After the fall of Venice, it frequently changes rulers.

Shipbuilding (the city of Korčula, Vela Luka) and stone-carving, i.e. extracting white marble from the stone-pit on the eastern coast of the island, have for centuries played a significant part in the economy of Korčula.

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