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Jesus Christ

The divinely given personal name JESUS is the equivalent of the Hebrew JOSHUA and means GOD IS

SALVATION >Matt.1:21<. The official title CHRIST and its Hebrew parallel MESSIAH means ANOINTED >Matt.16:18; John1:41<. Jesus was born about 4 B.C. (the calendar is based on erroneous calculations by Exiguus who renumbered 754 of the Roman table to A.D. 1, but whose sixth century figures were four years in error.) After the exile Palestine was ruled successively by the Persians, Greeks, Egyptians and Syrians. The Maccabees brought independance for almost a century, but midway in the first century B.C. the country became part of the Roman province of Syria. The Jewish people were much divided concerning Roman rule. Sadducees submitted and collaborated, while Pharisees avoided politics. Herodians favoured administration by the Herods. Zealots opposed foreign rule frantically. Jesus meet political questions adroitly
>Matt.22:17-21<. Jewish spirituality was in Jesus' day generally low. The powerful Pharisees and Sadducees dominated formal religion. The more influential Pharisees stressed formalisation and hair splitting legalistic theology, voiding truth by tradition >Matt.15:1-9< And forgetting foundation principles >Matt.23:23<. Sadducees were politically inclined, but they controlled the Sanhedrin and the office of High Priest. Both John the Baptist and Jesus denounced these groups >Matt.3:7; 16:6; 23<. The story of Jesus' life is well known >Matt.1, 2; Luke 1:26-35; 2:1-39<. The Messiah is traced to Abraham in Matthew and to Adam in Luke. Only a glimpse of Jesus' youth is given >Luke2:41-52< his development was well balanced >2:52< He was trained in carpentry >Mark6:3<. About A.D 26 John the Baptist began to preach repentance
and baptism in view of the coming Messiah and Kingdom. Jesus came and was baptized, not for forgiveness, but to FULFILL ALL RIGHTEOUSNESS. >Matt.4:1-11; Luke4:1-13<. Jesus' ministry is considered by most to have been about three years. Although the first three Gospels give little information for dating, John's references to yearly feasts have significance for dating. John mentions three passovers >John2:13; 6:4: 11:55<. If John5:1 also refers to a passover (which is doubtful) Jesus' ministry exceeded three years. After calling some disciples and working a miracle in Galilee >John1:35-47; 2:1-11<, Jesus went to Jerusalem where occured the cleansing of the temple and the Nicodemus interview. Enroute to Galilee He spoke to the woman at the well >John2:13-4:26<. knowledge of His acts in Judea preceded Jesus into Galilee
>John4:43-chapt5<. Although the Nazareth synagogue rejected Him as He declared His mission, many of the people recieved Him >Luke4:16-30<. Moving His residence to Capernaum, Jesus called other disciples and performed miracles >Matt.4:13:22; 9:2-9; John4:46-54<. On a visit to Jerusalem He aroused Pharisee opposition by acts on the sabbath >John5:1-16; Matt.12:1-14<. the twelve apostles were sent out to proclaim the coming Kingdom to the Jewish people >Matt.10; Luke6:13-14-6<. important messages of this period included the Sermon on the Mount >Matt.5-7< and many parables >Matt.13< Quieting the storm, healing the Gadarene demoniac, raising Jairus' daughter, feeding 5000, and walking on water were outstanding miracles of this period >Matt.8:23-34; 9:23-34; 9:23; 14:15-33<. At this time Jesus recieved the news of the
of John the Baptist. >Matt.14:1-13<. In northern Galilee and in Decapolis Jesus taught about six months, preparing His followers for
His death >Matt.16:21<, Here occured Peter's confession >Matt.16:16< and the transfiguration >Matt.17<, and here Jesus taught lessons recorded in Matthew18 and John8:12-51. Working of miracles to produce faith continued >Matt.15:21-38; 17:14-27<. It seems that during this period Jesus alternated between Judea and Perea. At this time Jesus sketched some of His most important parables >Luke10:30-37; 15:1-16:31<, denounced Phariseeism, taught much about prayer, and proclaimed the coming Kingdom >Luke11:1-13; 37-54; 17:20-37<, He pitied the rich young ruler and rebuked the self-seeking James and John >Matt.19:16-26<. He amazed men by raising the dead Lazarus >John11<.
Six days before Passover Jesus went to Bethany where the anointing with costly ointment occured >John12:1-8<. On the next day He made His triumph entry into Jerusalem >Matt.21:1-11; John12:12-19< and returned to Bethany. On Monday He entered Jerusalem, purged the Temple and symbolically cursed a barren tree >Mark11:11-26<. Returning to Jerusalem Tuesday, He met verbal challenges of His foes >Matt.21:23; 22:15-46< and condemned their hypocrisy >Matt.23<, while commending the poor widow's sacrifice >Mark12:41<. On this day Judas conspired against Him >Matt.26:14-16<. Wednesday Jesus remained at Bethany, Thursday He kept Passover, instituted the Lord's supper, and gave discourses >Matt.26:17-30; John13:1-17:26<. On Friday, after anguish at Gethsemane, our Lord was betrayed and arrested >Luke22:39-54; John18:1-14<.
The Jewish people tried Him hastily, then arranged trial before Pilate, who, knowing His innocence, pacified the angry Jews with His crucifixion sentence >John18:29-19:22<. After Jesus' agonizing death, Joseph and Arimathaea, a secret disciple who was a Sanhedrin member was granted the body for burial, and Nicodemus, another Sanhedrin member, aided in the burial. With other faithful disciples they prepared and bound the body, and laid it in a new, rock hewn tomb >Matt.27:26-66; Mark15:16-47; Luke23:32-56; John19:23-42<. The Romans sealed the tombs entrance and set watch, Jesus triumphantly arose on the third day >Matt.28:17> *******
SOME ELEMENTS OF JESUS' TEACHINGS
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The Son of God always pointed men to the Father >John1:14-18. Jesus taught entrance by the new birth >John3:3-5< into His coming Kingdom >Matt.13; 16:18-19; John18:33-37<

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THE KINGDOM
OF GOD
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The reign of God in the hearts of men. The Spirit of this reign is realized in the Church. The Bible often speaks of the Kingdom of God, Heaven, and the Church. Both are spoken of in the Gospels as near >Mark9:1; Matt.16:18; 18:17< and after Pentecost >Acts2< as being in existence >Acts2:47; Col.1:13; Rev.1:6, 9<. Thus, the Church is God's Spiritual Kingdom >John18:36> where God's will is done. Heaven is sometimes referred to as God's Kingdom >Matt.25:31; 13:43; 1Corinth6:9; Gal.5:21; Eph5:5; 2Tim.4:1; 2Peter1:11<
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