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:♦:History of Cricket:♦:

However our national game is Hockey but Cricket is the most popular game in India now. Perhaps, this is the reason that India will host ICC T-20 world cup in 2016 year, the first ICC World Test Championship in 2021 year which will take the place of the Champion’s Trophy and ODI World cup in 2023 year. While it is believed about Cricket that it was started in England in 1300 A.D, but clearly no one knows this. The earliest definite reference to cricket occurs in 1598 and makes clear that the sport was being played since 1550. All that can be said with a fair degree of probability is that its beginning was earlier than 1550, somewhere in south-east England within the countries of Kent, Sussex and Surrey, possibly in the region known as the Weald. Unlike other games with batsmen, bowler and fielders, such as Stoopball and Rounders, cricket can only be played on relatively short grass, especially as the ball was delivered along the ground until the 1760s. Therefore, forest clearings and land where sheep had grazed would have been suitable places to play.
It started as a game of shepherds and became popular among other classes in 18 thcentury A.D. After sometimes a club known as “Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC)” was formed as Lords in London. Cricket became popular in Australia due to British influence there. International matches played since 1844 but the first official cricket test match was played in the year 1877 between England and Australia in Melbourne in that match Australia beat England by 45 runs. Now it is played professionally in most of the Commonwealth of Nations. Initially, the over was of five-balls but in 1900 six-balls over become the norm. When some other countries started playing cricket, ‘Imperial Cricket Conference’ was formed in 1909 which gave birth to international cricket conference in 1956. India played its first test match in 1932.
The first One Day International cricket match was played in the year 1971 between England and Australia in Melbourne. The first world cup cricket of One Day form was played in England in 1975. West Indies win the trophy beating Australia by 17 runs. The apex institution of world cricket is the International Cricket Council (ICC) and its headquarters the ICC is Mr. Sharad Pawar of India. Australia has won maximum world cups till date and West Indies and India, the both have won twice. In India cricket was introduced by British royalty. Parsee community of India was the first to take part in Cricket in 1848. Later on, Parsee team visited England in 1886. Matches between European and Parsee teams, called Presidency matches, were started in Poona (Pune) and Bombay (Mumbai). Raja Bhupindra Singh of Patiala donated the Ranji Trophy in 1934 for the national championship of Cricket. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) was formed in 1927, is the board of India.
It started as a game of shepherds and became popular among other classes in 18thcentury A.D.
After some time a club known as “Marylebone Cricket Club” (M.C.C) was formed at Lords in London.
Cricket became popular in Australia due to British influence there.
The first official cricket test match was played in the year 1977 between Australia and England in Melbourne.
When some other countries started playing cricket,‘Imperial Cricket Conference’was formed in 1909 which gave birth to International Cricket conference in 1956.
The first One Day international cricket match was played in the year 1971 between England and Australia in Melbourne.
The first word cup of one day matches was played in 1975 in London. West Indies won the world Cup beating Australia by 17 runs.
The apex institution of world cricket is the ‘International Cricket Council’ (ICC) and its headquarters is now in Dubai from August 1, 2005. Earlier it was in Lords (England).
The president of the ICC is Mr. Percy Sonn of South Africa.
Australia has won maximum of three world cups till date.
In India Cricket was introduced by British royalty. Parsee community of India was the first to take part in cricket in 1848.
Later on Parsee team visited England in 1986. Matches between European and Parsee teams, called presidency matches, were started in Poona (now pune) and Bombay (now Mumbai)
Raja Bhupindra Singh of Patiala donated the Ranji Trophy in 1934 for the National Championship of Cricket
The Board of Control for cricket in India was formed in 1927.
Measurements in Cricket:
Length of the Pitch                 -           22yards (20.11meters)
Length of the crease               -           1.22 – 4 ft. (1.83 meters)
Weight of the ball                   -           155 – 163 gram
Circumference of the ball       -           22.4 – 22.9 (9 Inches)
Length of the bat                    -           96.5 cm (38 Inches)
Width of the bat                     -           10.8 cm (4.25 Inches)
Length of the stumps              -           71.1 cm (28 Inches)
Length of Bells                       -           11.1 cm (each bail)
Terminologies of Cricket: Played on, Appeal, Bye, Leg bye, Power Play, Follow on, Dussara, Beamer, Hoober shot, Lost ball, Duck Worthluis, Retired hurt, Chinaman, Batsman, Bowler, Wicket, Wicket keeper, LBW (Leg before wicket), Catch, Hit wicket, Throw, Maiden over, Four, Sixer, Wide, Swing, Stroke, Cover Mid on, Mid off, Mid wicket, Over the wicket, Round the wicket, Leg spinner, Off spinner, Over throw, Over slip, Gulley, Cover point, Silly point, Long off, Long on, Third man, Short pitch, Hook, Dead ball, run out, Popping crease, pitch, Bouncer/Bumper, Full toss, Yorker, Yorked, Googly, Wicket Maiden, Snick Duck, Hat-Trick, Rubber, The Ashes, Scoring a ton etc.
Winners of world cup cricket since 1975:
Year
Place
Winner
Runner Up
Mascot
1975
England
West Indies
Australia

1979
England
West Indies
England

1983
England
India
West Indies

1987
India and Pakistan
Australia
England

1991
Australia, New Zealand
Pakistan
England

1996
India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Australia

1999
England
Australia
Pakistan

2003
South Africa
Australia
India

2007
West Indies
Australia
Sri Lanka

2011
India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh
India
Sri Lanka
Jumbo
2015
Australia, New Zealand
Scheduled


2019
England
Scheduled


2023
India
Scheduled


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