peperonity.net
Welcome, guest. You are not logged in.
Log in or join for free!
 
Stay logged in
Forgot login details?

Login
Stay logged in

For free!
Get started!

Text page


god.only.one.peperonity.net

SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM – Part 5

SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM – Part 5
Dr. Zakir Naik

INTRODUCTION



In this series of articles, we are analyzing similarities and common grounds between two major religions of the world: Hinduism and Islam. In the article in the November 2004 issue of the Islamic Voice, we examined and highlighted similarities between the concept of angels and revelation in Islam and in Hinduism as mentioned in their respective scriptures. In this month’s article, we shall study the similarities between the concept of prophethood, and the attributes of God, in Islam and in Hinduism.



CONCEPT OF PROPHETHOOD IN HINDUISM AND IN ISLAM



Messengers in Islam

Messengers or Prophets of Almighty God are persons chosen by Almighty God to communicate His message to the people.



Messengers were sent to every nation



a. To every people (was sent)

A Messenger: when their Messenger

Comes (before them), the matter

Will be judged between them

With justice, and they

Will not be wronged.

(Al Qur’an 10:47)



b. For We assuredly sent

Amongst every people a messenger

(with the command), “Serve

Allah and eschew Evil”:

Of the people were some whom

Allah guided, and some

On whom Error became

Inevitably (established). So travel

Through the earth, and see

What was the end of those

Who denied (the Truth).

(Al Qur’an 16:36)



b. And there never was

A people, without a warner

Having lived among them

(In the past).

(Al Qur’an 35:24)



c. And to every people a guide.

(Al Qur’an 13:7)



25 PROPHETS ARE MENTIONED BY NAME IN THE QUR’AN



There are 25 Prophets mentioned by name in the Glorious Qur’an. Some of such prophets are: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all).



STORIES OF ONLY SOME PROPHETS MENTIONED IN THE QUR’AN

It is mentioned in the Qur’an:



Of some messengers We have

Already told you the story;

Of others we have not

And to Moses Allah spoke direct.

(Al Qur’an 4:164)



b. We did aforetime send

Messengers before you: of them

There are some whose story

We have related to you,

And some whose story

We have not related

To you.

(Al Qur’an 40:78)



1,24,000 PROPHETS SENT BY ALLAH

According to a Sahih Hadith in Mishkatul Masaabih Vol. 3 hadith No. 5737 Ahmad Ibn Hambal Vol. 5 page 265-266: “There were 1,24,000 prophets sent by Allah (swt).”



PREVIOUS PROPHETS WERE SENT ONLY FOR THEIR PEOPLE

All the prophets that came before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) were sent for their people and nation, and the complete message they preached was meant only for that time.



PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) IS THE LAST AND FINAL MESSENGER

It is mentioned in Surah Al-Ahzab:

Muhammad is not

The father of any

Of your men, but (he is)

The Messenger of Allah,

And the Seal of the Prophets:

And Allah has full knowledge

Of all things

(Al Qur’an 33:40)


PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) SENT FOR WHOLE OF HUMANKIND

a. Since Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the last and final messenger of Allah (swt), he was not sent for only Muslims or the Arabs but he was sent for the whole of Humankind. It is mentioned in the Qur’an:

We sent you not, but

As a mercy for all creatures

(Al Qur’an 21:107)



b. We have not sent you

But as a universal (Messenger)

To men, giving them

Glad tidings, and warning them

(Against sin), but most men

Understand not.

(Al Qur’an 34:28)



c. It is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari:

“Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said every prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to whole of humankind”.

(Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 56 Hadith 429)





AVTARS AND MESSENGERS IN HINDUISM



1. Avatar according to common Hindus

a. Common Hindus have the following concept of Avatar. Avatar is the Sanskrit term where ‘Av’ means ‘down’ and ‘tr’ means ’passover’. Thus Avatar means to descend down or to come down. The meaning of ‘Avatar’ in the oxford Dictionary is, “(In Hindu Mythology) the descent of a deity or released soul to earth in bodily form”. In simple words, Avatar according to common Hindus means Almighty God coming down to earth in bodily form.



A Common Hindu believes that God Almighty comes down to the earth in some bodily form to protect the religion, to set an example or to set the rules for human beings.



There is no reference of Avatars anywhere in the Vedas, the most sacred of the Hindu scriptures i.e. sruti. However it is found in the smrti i.e., the Puranas and the Itihasas.



(b) It is mentioned in the most popular and widely read book of Hinduism

i) Bhagavad Geeta Chapter 4 verse 7-8:



Whenever there is a decay of righteousness, O Bharata,

And a rise of unrighteousness, then I manifest Myself.

For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the

wicked and for the establishment of righteousness, I am born in every age.

(Bhagavad Geeta 4:7-8)





ii) It is mentioned in Bhagawata Purana:



“Whenever there is deterioration in righteousness and waxing of sinfulness,

the glorious lord incarnates himself.”

(Bhagawata Purana 9:24:56)



2. No Concept of Avatar but Messenger in Veda and Islam

Islam does not believe that Almighty God takes human forms. He chooses a man amongst men and communicates with them on a higher level to deliver his message to the human beings – such individuals are called Messengers of God.



‘Avatar’, as mentioned earlier, is derived from ‘Av’ and ‘tr’, which means to descend down or come down. Some scholars state that God’s Avatar indicates a possessive case and actually means the coming of a man “who is in special relationship with God”. Mention of such chosen men of God appears in several places in all the four Vedas. Thus if we have to reconcile Bhagavad Gita and Purana with the most authoritative scripture the Vedas, we have to agree that Bhagavad Gita and the Puranas, when they speak about Avatars, they refer to chosen men of God. Islam calls such men Prophets.



ATTRIBUTES OF GOD



ANTHROPOMORPHISM



a. God need not take human form to understand human beings

Many non-Semitic religions have at some time or the other propounded the belief in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. the concept of God taking human form. Those who believe in it have a seemingly good logic for it. They state that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships, shortcomings, weaknesses, difficulties, feelings, passions, emotions and temptations of human beings. He does not know how a person feels when he or she is hurt or is in trouble. Therefore, in order to set rules of behaviour and conduct for human beings, God came down to earth in the form of a human. On the face of it, this seems to be logical. But we need to examine this.



b. Creator prepares an instruction manual

Suppose I manufacture a tape recorder, do I have to become a tape recorder to know what is good or bad for the tape recorder? The manufacturer does not have to himself play the role of a tape recorder to understand the stress caused by normal usage or even faulty usage of the tape recorder.



Hence, for the users, as the manufacturer, I write an instruction manual. In this manual I state, “in order to listen to an audio-cassette, insert the cassette and press the ‘play’ button. In order to stop, press the ‘stop’ button. If you want to fast forward press the ‘Fast Forward’ button. Do not drop it from a height for it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water for it will get spoilt”. Manufacturers write an instruction manual or a user manual, which contains the do’s and don’ts for usage of the machine.



c. The Glorious Qur’an is the instruction manual for human beings

In a similar fashion, our Lord and Creator, Allah (s.w.t.) does not need to come to earth in the form of a human being to know what is good or bad for the human beings. He, who has created this vast universe, has complete knowledge of His Creation. He only has to reveal the instruction manual for the benefit of humans. Such a manual from the Creator informs and explains: (i) the purpose and objective of the existence of human beings (ii) who created them and (iii) what they should do and what they should refrain and abstain from in order to get eternal success.



The last and final instruction manual for human beings from their Creator is the Glorious Qur’an.



d. Allah chooses Messengers

Allah (swt) does need to come down personally for writing the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver His message and communicates with him at a higher level through His revelations. Such chosen men are called messengers and prophets of ...


This page:




Help/FAQ | Terms | Imprint
Home People Pictures Videos Sites Blogs Chat
Top
.