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Religion In India

India is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.Throughout India's history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Religious
diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by the law and custom. A vast majority of Indians, (over 93%), associate
themselves with a religion. According to the 2001 census, 80.5% of the population of India practise Hinduism. Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4%) are the other major religions followed
by the people of India. There are also numerous minor tribal traditions, though these have been affected by
major religions such as Hinduism,
Buddhism and Christianity. The diversity of religious belief
systems in India today, is a result of
both the existence of many native religions and also, the assimilation and social integration of religions
brought to the region by traders,
travellers, immigrants, and even
invaders and conquerors like the Mughals. Zoroastrianism and Judaism also have an ancient history in India, and each
has several thousands of Indian
adherents. India has the largest
population of people adhering to
Zoroastrianism (i.e. Parsis and Iranis) and Bahá'í Faith in the world, even though these religions are not
native to India. Many other world
religions also have a relationship with
Indian spirituality, such as the Baha'i
faith which recognises Buddha and Krishna as manifestations of the God Almighty. The Indian diaspora in the West has
popularised many aspects of Hindu philosophy such as yoga, meditation, Ayurvedic medicine, divination, karma, and reincarnation. The influence of Indian religions has been
significant all over the world. Several
organisations, such as the Hare Krishna movement, the Brahma Kumaris, the Ananda Marga, and others have spread Indian spiritual
beliefs and practices. The Muslim population of India is the
third largest in the world. India also
has the third largest Shia population in the world. The shrines of some of
the most famous saints of Sufism, like Moinuddin Chishti and Nizamuddin Auliya, are found in India, and attract visitors from all over the world. India is also home to some of the
most famous monuments of Islamic
architecture, such as the Taj Mahal and the Qutb Minar. Civil matters related to the community are dealt with by the Muslim Personal Law, and constitutional amendments in 1985
established its primacy in family matters. The Constitution of India declares the nation to be a secular republic that must uphold the right of citizens to
freely worship and propagate any or no religion or faith. The Constitution of India also declares the
right to freedom of religion to be a fundamental right.


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