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Border (1997 film)

Border (1997 film)

Directed by J. P. Dutta

Produced by J. P. Dutta

Screenplay by J. P. Dutta

Starring Sunny Deol
Suniel Shetty
Akshaye Khanna
Jackie Shroff
Pooja Bhatt
Kulbhushan Kharbanda
Puneet Issar

Music by Anu Malik

Cinematography Ishwar R. Bidri
Nirmal Jani

Editing by Deepak Wirkud

Distributed by J.P. Films

Release date June 13, 1997

Running time 211 mins

Country India

Language Hindi

Box office 61 crore ( US$ 11.53 million) Original
149.11 crore ( US$ 28.18 million) Adjusted

Border (1997 film)

Border is a 1997 blockbuster Bollywood Anti-war film based on the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 . J. P. Dutta directed and produced this war epic which stars Sunny Deol , Sunil Shetty , Akshaye Khanna , Jackie Shroff , Tabu , Pooja Bhatt , Puneet Issar , Kulbhushan Kharbanda , Raakhee and Sharbani Mukherjee .
The movie is an adaptation from real life events that happened atthe Battle of Longewala fought in Rajasthan (Western Theatre) during the Indo-PakistaniWar of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War . It is about how a band of 120 soldiers of the Punjab regiment of the Indian Army headed by Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri successfully defended their post all night against a whole Tank regiment of the Pakistani Army , until assistance came from the Indian Air Force the next morning. The film was a critical and commercial hit in India.


The film opens before the actual declaration of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 as army Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri and airforce Wing Commander Anand 'Andy' Bajwa meet on a courier flight and speak about the possibility of opening of the Western front in light of the East Pakistan conflict. Kuldip takes up command of a Coy of the 23rd Punjab Regiment , arguing the light defense being assigned to the military post of Longewala. He meets his second in command Lt Dharamvir Bhan (who happens to be the son of a 1965 Indo-Pakistani-War veteran who was killed during that war) and theCoy NCO Subedar Mathura Das. The company moves to the remote outpost in the deserts of Rajasthan and begins to expand the rudimentary BSF post and does a recce ofthe area up to the international border withPakistan. They meet thepost's BSF commandant Bhairon Singh, a deeply patriotic man who expresses his love for the desert.
During a night patrol, Kuldip, Lt Dharamvir and Bhairon Singh come across a suspicious bunch of locals who turn out to be insurgents having informed the identities of the company to the Pakistani military. The trio get into a brief firefight killing all but oneof the insurgents when Dharamvir hesitates to shoot one of the insurgents, as he had never killed anyone. Kuldip severely derides him and shoots the insurgent himself, prompting Dharamvir to vomit. A badly shaken Dharamvir is comforted by Bhairon Singh and the two reminisce about their personal lives. Dharamvir recounts howhe met his fiancee Kamla, a lively young girl from his native village who he had fallen for and how he got his mobilization orders on the day of his engagement to Kamla. Bhairon Singh recounts his wedding night, his first night with his bride,when he was called backto post and how he bids a tearful goodbye to his beautiful wife Phool Kanwar.
The unit is joined by the charismatic Subedar Ratan Singh, a man of insatiable appetite and wit, with 2 106mm jeep-mounted RCL guns to serve as an anti-armour unit. The company wireless operator picks up a spy transmitting from a nearby area and Dharamvir sets out to investigate. He ambushes the spy and kills the man, bringing the body back to the post to prove that he has overcome his fear ofkilling another person. The unit settles down to wait for the enemy as they keep track of the developing events onthe radio. The Indian army starts moving forces to nearby locations preparing to attack if Pakistan tries to open the Western front and this gives hopeof soon-to-come action for the men tired of the long wait in the hot and desolate desert. Subedar Mathura Das is granted leave to attend to his wife (who is ailing with cancer) and children. The men receive letters withnews from back home and talk among of themselves of the people they left back home to serve their country.
On the evening of 3 December 1971, the unit receives word that the enemy has attacked with Pakistan Air Force planes bombing multiple Indian airbases and that war has been officially declared by the Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi . Dharamvir and five of his soldiers are sent to patrol the borderwithin a section while Bhairon Singh and his men are assigned to clear out the nearby villages. As Bhairon Singhis briefing the villagers on evacuation, Pakistani artillery batteries start shelling Indian positions and villages. Kuldip joins in the evacuation as heavy shelling occurs leveling a whole village. In the meanwhile Dharamvir and his patrol spot Pakistani tanks andinfantry crossing the border into India. He reports back the enemy movement to Kuldip and is ordered to secretly follow the tanks without engaging them. Kuldip radios for air support and speaks to Wing Com Bajwa, who tells him that there can be no air support as his base has only Hunter-Fighters, which cannot fly at night. Bajwa then tells Kuldip to defend thepost as long as possible and that he and his pilots will ready for battle in the break of dawn. In despair, Kuldip radios his CO and explains his untenable position. He is given the option of either holding his post or retreat, but he decides to stay. Kuldipthen give the company the choice if they should leave the post or not, but they all prefer to stick with him and face the Pakistani to their deaths.
As the unit digs in to face the enemy assault, Mathura returns and apologizes for deserting the men of his company.Kuldip thanks him for returning in time and assigns him to the RCL units, promising Mathurathat he will return to his family when the war is over. The post is surrounded by massed enemy armour and infantry while the shelling from across the border continues relentlessly. Fortunately, Kuldip manages to get the company to bury anti-tank mines around the post to prevent the tanks from barging in. Upon seeing one of his tanks being blown by one of the mines, the Pakistani commander Ghulam Dastagir hurls expletives at Kuldip addressing him by name and tells him to retreat or die. Kuldip lashes back and swears and insults Dastagir, addressing himby name and insulting him. The tanks open fire on the post and the battle begins with Kuldip ordering Mathura to destroy some more tanks. Though the tide of the battle is turning good for the Indians at first, it wasn't until Mathura's RCL is hit by a tank shell, wounding himand prompting Bhairon Singh to extract him from the burning jeep. Mathura is fatally wounded when he goes to extract a recoil spring for Bhairon Singh's MMG and dies in Bhairon's arms. Subedar sacrifices himself to throw away an exploding tank shell to prevent several of hismen from being killed. Another tank targets Bhairon's machine gun nest and destroys it, wounding Bhairon. He charges the same tank and destroys it with an anti-tank mine, killing himself and the Pakistani soldiers inside the tank. Dharamvir breaks through the enemy cordon and returns to post, but his entire patrol is wiped outin the process. The Pakistani commander orders a bayonet charge on the Indian position but the attack is beaten back by the Indians withDharamvir being severelywounded. The Indians capture a Pakistani private who reveals thatthe Pakistani column plans to capture Jaiselmer by morning, Jodhpur by afternoon, and reach Delhi by night.
As dawn nears, the Pakistanis launch a last-ditch attempt to overrun Longewala post with their massed assault of tanks and infantry, ignoring the danger of the anti-tank mines that are still buried. Kuldip gathers theremaining of his depletedforce and prepares for a suicide counter-attack on the advancing enemy.The Indians engage in vicious hand-to-hand fighting with Kuldip jumping from tank to tank lobbing grenades down the turret hatches. Dawn has broken as the fight heats up and Bajwa's squadron finally takes off from the Jaisalmer Base to aid Kudip's besieged coy. During the fight, Kuldip falls on the ground into the sights ofa Pakistani tank but before the tank can open fire to kill him, it is destroyed by cannon firefrom an Indian Air Force jet as Bajwa's squadron arrives and the tide of the battle turns. The Pakistani attack breaks as tank after tank is hit by the planes till they decide to beat a retreat back across the border. The battle ends as a soldier tries to tell Dharamvir about the victory and realises that he has died. The unit is relieved as Indian tanks and artillery arrive and more air-strikes beat back enemy reinforcements. The endcredits roll as the Indianslaunch their counter-offensive and news of the deceased reach theirhomes, much to their families' sorrow.


*. Sunny Deol as Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri
*. Jackie Shroff as Wing Commander Andy Bajwa
*. Suniel Shetty as Captain Bhairon Singh, B.S.F.
*. Akshaye Khanna as 2nd Lt. Dharamvir
*. Puneet Issar as Subedar Ratan Singh
*. Sudesh Berry as Subedar Mathura Das
*. Kulbhushan Kharbanda as Phagheeram, the cook
*. Tabu as Kuldip Singh's wife
*. Pooja Bhatt as Kamla (Dharamvir's fiancee)
*. Rakhi as Dharamvir's mother
*. Sharbani Mukherjee as Bhairon Singh's wife


National Film Awards
*. Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration - 1998
*. Won : National Film Award for Best Lyrics , India - Javed Akhtar
*. Won : National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer , India - Hariharan For the song"Mere Dushman"
Filmfare Awards
*. Filmfare Award for Best Director: J.P. Dutta
Star Screen Awards
*. Star Screen Award for Best Film: J.P. Dutta
*. Star Screen Award for Best Director: J.P. Dutta
*. Star Screen Award for Best Lyrics: Sandese Aate Hain Javed Akhtar
*. Star Screen Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Nominated): Akshaye Khanna et Suniel Shetty
*. Star Screen Award for Best Playback Singer Male (Nominated): Sandese Aate Hain (Roop Kumar Rathod)


The music is composed by Anu Malik while the lyrics are penned by Javed Akhtar . The songs of the film are notonly popular in India but also in Pakistan.

Anti-war message

The film intended to make an appeal against war, and thus the end ofthe movie of depicted most soldiers dead, and the trauma it caused to their ...

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