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px bd mahasthangarh

History of Bangladesh

Mahasthangarh is the oldest archaeological site in Bangladesh . It dates back to 700 BCE and was t

The history of Bangladesh as a nationstate began in 1971, when it seceded from Pakistan . Prior to the creation of Pakistan in 1947, modern-day Bangladesh was part of ancient , classical , medieval and colonial India .
The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires , internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. Islam made its first appearance during the 12th century when Sufi missionaries arrived. Later, occasional Muslim rulers reinforced the process of conversion bybuilding mosques , madrassas and Sufi Khanqah .
The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal and India in 1947, when the region became East Pakistan , part of the newly formed Islamic State of Pakistan . However, it was separated from the western wing by 1,600 km (994 mi) of Indian territory. Due to political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination, as well as economic neglect by the politically dominant West Pakistan, popular agitation led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman grew against West Pakistan , resulting in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which the Bengali people won with the support of India. After independence, the new state endured famine , natural disasters and widespread poverty , as well as political turmoil and military coups . The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relativecalm and economic progress.

Etymology of Bengal

The exact origin of the word Bangla or Bengal is unknown. According to Mahabharata , Purana , Harivamsha Vanga was one of the adopted sonsof king Vali who founded theVanga kingdom. The earliest reference to"Vangala" ( Bôngal ) has been traced in the Nesariplates (805 AD) of Rashtrakuta Govinda III which speak of Dharmapala as the king of Vangala. Shams-ud-din Ilyas Shah took the title "Shah-e-Bangalah" and united the whole region under one government for the first time.
Vanga Kingdom (also known as Banga) was a kingdom located in the eastern part of the Indian Subcontinent, comprising part of West Bengal, India and present-day modern Bangladesh. Vanga and Pundra were two dominant tribes in Bangladesh in ancient time. The Hindu epic Mahabharata mentions that the Vanga and Pundra kings took part inthe battle of Kurukshetra. Kouravas and Pandavas fought this battle near Delhi about three thousand years back.


Hindu scriptures such as the Mahabharata say that Bangladesh was divided among the Janapadas: Vanga (southern Bengal), Pundra (northern Bengal), and Suhma (western Bengal) according to their respective totems. Scriptures identify Vanga and Anga in Bangladesh as Indo-Aryan. While western Bangladesh, as part of Magadha , became part of the Indo-Aryan civilization bythe 7th century BCE, the Nanda Dynasty was the first historical state to unify all of Bangladesh under Indo-Aryan rule.

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