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px dhaka landmarks

Capital of Bangladesh

Dhaka Landmarks (Clockwise from top) : National Assembly , Skyline of Motijheel , Baitul Mukarram


Location of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Coordinates: 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E Coordinates : 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E

Country Bangladesh

Division Dhaka Division

District Dhaka District

Establishment 1608 CE

Granted city status 1947

• Capital City 360 km 2 (140 sq mi)
• Water 48.56 km 2 (18.75 sq mi)

Elevation 4 m (13.12 ft)

Population (2008)
• Capital City 7,000,940
• Density 23,029/km 2 (59,640/sq mi)
• Metro 12,797,394
• Demonym Dhakaiya or Dhakaite
• Literacy rate 62.3%

Postal code 1000, 1100, 12xx, 13xx

National Calling Code +880

Calling Code 02


Dacca , named Jahangirnagar during Mughal era ) isthe capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka Division . Dhaka is a megacity and one of the major cities of SouthAsia. It is located on the banks of the Buriganga River . Greater Dhaka Area has a population of roughly 17 million as of Census 2011, making it the premier city and metropolitan area in Bangladesh. It is the 9th largest city in the world and also 28th among the most denselypopulated cities in the world . Dhaka is known as the City of Mosques and with 400,000 cycle rickshaws running on its streets every day,the city is also described as the Rickshaw Capital of the World .
Under Mughal rule in the 17th century, the city was known as Jahangir Nagar . It was a provincial capital and a centre of the worldwide muslin trade. The modern city, however, was developed chiefly under British rule in the 19th century, and became the second-largest city in Bengal after Calcutta (presentlyKolkata). After the Partition of Bengal in 1905, Dhaka became thecapital of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam but lost its status as a provincial capital again after the partition was annulled in 1911. After the partition of India in 1947, Dhaka became theadministrative capital of East Pakistan , and later,in 1971, the capital of an independent Bangladesh. During the intervening period, the city witnessed widespread turmoil; this included many impositions of martial law , the declaration of Bangladesh's independence, military suppression , devastation during war, and natural calamities.
Modern Dhaka is the centre of political , cultural and economic lifein Bangladesh. Although its urban infrastructure is the most developed in the country, Dhaka suffers from urban problems such as pollution and overpopulation. In recentdecades, Dhaka has seen modernisation of transport , communications and public works. The city is attracting large foreign investments and greatervolumes of commerce and trade. It is also experiencing an increasing influx of people from across the nation, this has reportedly made Dhaka the fastest growing cityin the world.


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