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great.bangladesh.peperonity.net

Sixty Dome Mosque

The Sixty Dome Mosque ( ষাট গম্বুজ মসজিদ ) (more commonly known as Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid ) is the largest historical mosque in Bangladesh and one of the most impressive Muslim architectural structures on the Indian Subcontinent.
In mid-15th century, a Muslim colony was founded in the unfriendlymangrove forest of the Sundarbans near the coastline in the Bagerhatdistrict by an obscure saint-General, named Ulugh Khan Jahan. He was the earliest torch bearer of Islam in the South who laid the center of an affluent city during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah, then known as 'Khalifalabad'. Khan Jahan aborned his city with numerous mosques, the spectacular ruins of which are focused around the most imposing and largest multidomed mosques in Bangladesh, known as the Shait-Gumbad Masjid(160'×108'). The construction of the mosque was started in 1442 and it was completed in 1459.The mosque was used for prayer purposes. It was also used as a madrashaand assembly hall.

Location
It is located in Bagerhat district in southern Bangladesh which is in the division of Khulna . It is about 3 miles far from the main town of Bagerhat. Bagerhat is nearly 200 miles away from Dhaka which is the capital of Bangladesh .

Style

The 'Sixty Dome' Mosquehas walls of unusually thick, tapered brick in the Tughlaq style and a hut-shaped roofline that anticipates later styles.The total length of the mosque is 160feet and width is 108 feet.There are actually seventy-seven (77) low domes arranged in sevenrows of eleven, and one dome on each corner, bringing the total to 81 domes.There are also four towers.Two of fourtowers were used to call azaan . The interior is divided into many aisles and bays by slender columns, which culminate in numerous arches that support the roof. The mosque has 77 squat domes with 7 four sided pitchedBengali domes in the middle row. The vast prayer hall, although provided with 11 arched doorways on east and 7 each on northand south for ventilationand light, presents a dark and somber appearance inside. It is divided into 7 longitudinalaisles and 11 deep bays by a forest of 60 slenderstone columns, from which springs rows of endless arches, supporting the domes. Six feet thick, slightly tapering walls and hollow and round, almostdetached corner towers,resembling the bastions of fortress, each cappedby small rounded cupolas, recall the Tughlaq architecture of Delhi. The mosque represents wonderful archeological beauty which was the signaturein the 15th century.

Sixty Domes or Sixty Columns
The mosque is locally known as the 'Shat Gombuj Masjid', which in Bangla means Sixty Domed Mosque. However, there are 77 domes over the main halland exactly 60 stone pillars. It is possible that the mosque was originally referred to as the Sixty Pillared Mosquewhere Amud (شصت عمؤد)meaning column in Arabic/ Persian, later gotcorrupted to Gombuj (গম্বুজ) in Bangla, which means domes.
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