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Citizen Services> Agriculture

Important Links of Agriculture

Citizen Services

The Ministry of Agriculture is working to develop the agricultural sector of Bangladesh through numerous projects and agencies. This ministry addresses to the highest number of stakeholder in the country. The business scope ranges from crop development to agro-based industries with research on agriculture, agricultural engineering and agro-economics.
The economy of Bangladesh is predominantly agricultural. Since the birth of Bangladesh, the country has achieved an incredible growth in food production and reached towards self-sufficiencyby the year 1990. About 80 percent of the total population lives in rural areas, and 62 percent of them are directly, and others are indirectly engaged in a wide range of agricultural activities. The agricultural sector contributes around 29 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and generates employment for 63 percent of the total labor force. The general agricultural sectors are Rice crops, Jute, Cotton, Sugarcane, Flower, Sericulture, Horticulture, Fisheries, Vegetables, Livestock, Soil Development, Seed development and distribution. Nuclear Agriculture has brought a new dynamic change inthe agricultural sectors of Bangladesh.
This grand success has mainly been brought by the farmers through using modern technologies developed by research organizations and effective Agricultural Extension Services of the Department of Agricultural Extension(DAE) BADC is entrusted with the task of multiplication, production and supply of high-yielding varieties of seeds. It has 21 Seed Multiplication Farms and 15 Contract Growers Zones for this purpose. Later, Seeds are mechanically processed in 12 Seed Processing Centers in and around the seed production zones.
The Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) under the Ministry of Agriculture is involved cooperative activities in several ministries of government: Agriculture,Forest and Environment, Fisheries and Livestock, Rural Development, Education, Industries, Commerce, Science and Technology, etc.
Realizing the importance of rice in food security and political stability of the country, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) is working to feed the increasing population through radical change in rice production, replacement of the low-yielding traditional varieties and age old production practices of rice by high-yielding varieties and improved production technologies. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is involved for thesame issue.
BARI (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute) is the largestmulti-crop research institute conducting research on a large number of crops, such as cereals, tubers, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables, fruits, spices, flowers, etc. Besides variety development, this institute also carries out research on non-commodity areas, such as soil and crop management, disease and insect management,irrigation and water management, development of farm machinery, improvementof cropping and farming system management, post-harvest handling and processing, and socio-economics studies related to production, marketing, and consumption.
Using radiation technique, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) has already developed 37 improved mutant varieties of different crops have been released by the National Seed Board of Bangladesh for large-scale cultivation in the farmers' field.
The part of greater Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Rangpur and Bogra District of Bangladesh and the Indian territorial Maldah District of West Bengal is geographically identified as Barind Tractwhere the soil is hard and red, and difficult for cultivation. Barind Multipurpose Development Authority works under the Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC) forthe agricultural development of those areas.
Cotton Development Board (CDB) has established under the Ministry of Agriculture tointroduce and promote cotton cultivation in Bangladesh.
Seed Certification Agency has been performing its role for full seed certification of four notified crops, (Rice,Wheat, Jute and Potato).
Soil Resource Development Institute has established under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forest, which is responsible for detailed and semi-detailed soil survey, special survey ofirrigation projects, explanatory soil guide and manual to ensure rational use of soil resource in the country.
Among the other agencies, the Department of Agricultural Marketing(DAM) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Bangladesh has undertaken an e-government initiative that would utilize the power of ICT to develop and disseminate critical Agricultural Market Information to farmers, traders, government, policy makers, development agencies and other stakeholders. Agriculture Information Service (AIS) have been workingunder the Ministry of Agriculture since its establishment in 1961. AIS have been playing a significant role in the agriculture sector providing mass media support through radio, television, documentary film and print media specially poster, folder, leaflet, booklet, newsletter, magazine, banner, festoon and so on.
Bangladesh Applied Nutrition and Human Resource Development Board (BAN-HRDB) aims at developing human resources of various government and non-governmental organizations in food based nutrition through short training courses, advocacy meetings, symposium, workshops and mass media.

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